New York Agriculture & Markets Law
Sec. § 200
Adulteration of Food


Food shall be deemed to be adulterated:

1.

If it bears or contains any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render it injurious to health; but in case the substance is not an added substance such food shall not be considered adulterated under this subdivision if the quantity of such substance in such food does not ordinarily render it injurious to health.

2.

If it bears or contains any added poisonous or added deleterious substance other than one which is (a) a pesticide chemical in or on a raw agricultural commodity, (b) a food additive, or

(c)

a color additive, which is unsafe within the meaning of section two hundred two, or if it is a raw agricultural commodity and it bears or contains a pesticide chemical which is unsafe within the meaning of section four hundred eight-a of the federal food, drug and cosmetic act, as amended, or if it is, or it bears or contains, any food additive which is unsafe within the meaning of section four hundred nine of such federal act, as amended; provided, that where a pesticide chemical has been used in or on a raw agricultural commodity in conformity with an exemption granted or a tolerance prescribed under section four hundred eight of such federal act, and such raw agricultural commodity has been subjected to processing such as canning, cooking, freezing, dehydrating or milling, the residue of such pesticide chemical remaining in or on such processed food shall not be deemed unsafe if such residue in or on the raw agricultural commodity has been removed to the extent possible in good manufacturing practice, and the concentration of such residue in the processed food, when ready to eat, is not greater than the tolerance prescribed for the raw agricultural commodity.

3.

If it consists in whole or in part of a diseased, contaminated, filthy, putrid or decomposed substance, or if it is otherwise unfit for food.

4.

If it has been produced, prepared, packed or held under insanitary conditions whereby it may have become contaminated with filth, or whereby it may have been rendered diseased, unwholesome or injurious to health.

5.

If it is the product of a diseased animal or of an animal which has died otherwise than by slaughter, or that has been fed upon the uncooked offal from a slaughterhouse.

6.

If its container is composed in whole or in part of any poisonous or deleterious substance which may render the contents injurious to health. 6-a. If it has been intentionally subjected to radiation, unless the use of the radiation was in conformity with a regulation or exemption in effect pursuant to sections one hundred ninety-nine-a or one hundred ninety-nine-b.

7.

If any valuable constituent has been in whole or in part omitted or abstracted therefrom.

8.

If any substance has been substituted wholly or in part therefor.

9.

If damage or inferiority has been concealed in any manner.

10.

If any substance has been added thereto or mixed or packed therewith so as to increase its bulk or weight, or reduce its quality or strength or make it appear better than it is or of greater value than its true value. 10-a. If it is, or it bears or contains, a color additive which is unsafe within the meaning of section seven hundred six-a of the federal food, drug and cosmetic act, as amended.

11.

If it falls below the standard of purity, quality or strength which it purports or is represented to possess.

12.

If it is confectionery and it bears or contains any alcohol or non-nutritive article or substance except harmless coloring, harmless flavoring, harmless resinous glaze not in excess of four-tenths of one per centum, harmless natural gum, and pectin; provided that this subdivision shall not apply to any confectionery by reason of its containing up to one-half of one per centum by volume of alcohol derived solely from the use of flavoring extracts, or to any chewing gum by reason of its containing harmless non-nutritive masticatory substances; and provided further that this subdivision shall not apply to any confectionery bearing or containing more than one-half of one per centum but not more than five per centum of alcohol by volume.

13.

With respect to the manufacture or sale of confectionery bearing or containing more than one-half of one per centum but not more than five per centum of alcohol by volume, such confectionery must:

(a)

not be sold to individuals under twenty-one years of age;

(b)

bear a statement on the label that sale of the product to individuals under twenty-one years of age is prohibited;

(c)

bear a statement on the label that the product contains alcohol up to five percent by volume;

(d)

bear the following statement: "Notice: This product contains alcohol used as a flavoring and, as with any product that contains alcohol:

(i)

women should not consume alcohol during pregnancy because of the risk of birth defects, and

(ii)

consumption of alcohol impairs your ability to drive a car or operate machinery, and may cause health problems; and

(e)

be sold, either alone or in conjunction with other confectionery containing no alcohol or less than one-half of one per centum by volume of alcohol derived solely from the use of flavoring extracts, in quantities of at least one-half pound or in a package or container containing at least twenty-four pieces. If the confectionery is sold in bulk to be packaged by the retailer at the time of sale to a consumer, the statements required by paragraphs (b) and (c) of this subdivision shall appear on the box, bag or other container in which the confectionery is placed by the retailer and furnished to the consumer and the statement required by paragraph (d) of this subdivision shall appear either on the box, bag or other container in which the confectionery is placed by the retailer and furnished to the consumer or shall appear on a card enclosed within such box, bag or other container. In addition, the manufacturer and/or distributor of such confectionery in bulk shall provide written notice to the retailer with each shipment (i) that the confectionery in the shipment may not be sold to individuals under twenty-one years of age; and

(ii)

that the packaging in which such confectionery is furnished to the consumer must bear the statements required by paragraphs (b) and (c) of this subdivision; and
(iii)
that the statement required by paragraph (d) of this subdivision must appear on the packaging in which such confectionery is furnished to the consumer or on a card enclosed within such packaging; and

(iv)

that the confectionery must be sold in quantities of at least one-half pound or twenty-four pieces.

14.

If it is ice cream or other frozen desserts made with wine bearing or containing more than five percent of alcohol by volume.

15.

With respect to the manufacture and sale of ice cream or other frozen desserts made with wine bearing or containing more than one-half of one percent, but not more than five percent of alcohol by volume:

(a)

No person shall sell at retail packages of ice cream or other frozen desserts made with wine for consumption off the premises where sold unless:

(i)

each package is a sealed package containing at least one pint, as received from the manufacturer or distributor;

(ii)

each sealed package containing at least one pint, as received from the manufacturer or distributor, in a format to be established or approved by the commissioner, prominently bears the following statements: (A) The sale of this product to individuals under the age of twenty-one years is prohibited. (B) This product is made with wine and contains alcohol up to five percent by volume. (C) Notice. This product contains alcohol used as a flavoring and, as with any product that contains alcohol: (1) women should not consume alcohol during pregnancy because of the risk of birth defects, and (2) consumption of alcohol impairs your ability to drive a car or operate machinery, and may cause health problems.
(iii)
the following advisory, on a sign or poster not less than seven inches by five inches, in a format to be established or approved by the commissioner, is displayed prominently at each location where packages of ice cream or other frozen desserts made with wine are made available to the public: "THIS AREA CONTAINS WINE ICE CREAM OR OTHER FROZEN DESSERTS MADE WITH WINE The sale of WINE ICE CREAM OR OTHER FROZEN DESSERTS MADE WITH WINE to individuals under the age of twenty-one years is prohibited. WINE ICE CREAM OR OTHER FROZEN DESSERTS MADE WITH WINE contain alcohol up to five percent by volume. NOTICE: WINE ICE CREAM OR OTHER FROZEN DESSERTS MADE WITH WINE contain alcohol used as a flavoring and, as with any product that contains alcohol: (1) women should not consume alcohol during pregnancy because of the risk of birth defects, and (2) consumption of alcohol impairs your ability to drive a car or operate machinery, and may cause health problems. IT IS A VIOLATION PUNISHABLE UNDER LAW FOR ANY PERSON UNDER THE AGE OF TWENTY-ONE TO PRESENT ANY WRITTEN EVIDENCE OF AGE WHICH IS FALSE, FRAUDULENT OR NOT ACTUALLY HIS OWN FOR THE PURPOSE OF ATTEMPTING TO PURCHASE WINE ICE CREAM OR OTHER FROZEN DESSERTS MADE WITH WINE." (b) No manufacturer and/or distributor of ice cream or other frozen desserts made with wine shall sell such product:

(i)

to a person intending to sell at retail individual servings of ice cream or other frozen desserts made with wine, unless, with each shipment, such manufacturer and/or distributor provides: (A) a written notice that individual servings of wine ice cream or other frozen desserts made with wine may be sold at retail only where the retailer complies with all of the requirements set forth in paragraph (a) of this subdivision, and (B) a written copy of such requirements; and

(ii)

to a person intending to sell at retail packages of wine ice cream or other frozen desserts made with wine for consumption off the premises, unless, with each shipment, such manufacturer and/or distributor provides: (A) a written notice that packages of wine ice cream or other frozen desserts made with wine may be sold at retail only where the retailer complies with all of the requirements set forth in paragraph (a) of this subdivision, and (B) a written copy of such requirements.
Source
Last accessed
Dec. 13, 2016