New York Agriculture & Markets Law
Sec. § 207
Definition of Vinegars and Adulterated Vinegars


207. Definition of vinegars and adulterated vinegars.

1.

The terms "cider vinegar," "apple cider vinegar," or words of similar import, shall be construed to mean the product made exclusively from the expressed juice of clean, sound, fresh apples, or parts of such apples, by alcoholic and subsequent acetous fermentations without distillation. The term "dried apple vinegar," or words of similar import, shall be construed to mean the product resulting from the alcoholic and subsequent acetous fermentations without distillation of the juice produced from clean, sound, dried apples, clean, sound, dried chopped apples, clean, sound, dried apple skins or cores, or clean, sound dried pomace.

2.

The term "sugar vinegar" shall be construed to mean the product made by the alcoholic and subsequent acetous fermentations without distillation of solutions of sugar, syrup, molasses or refiners syrup.

3.

The term "malt vinegar" shall be construed to mean the product made by the alcoholic and subsequent acetous fermentations of an infusion of barley malt and/or cereals or a concentrate thereof which has been enzymatically converted by the malting process.

4.

The terms "wine vinegar," "grape vinegar," shall be construed to mean the product made by the alcoholic and subsequent acetous fermentations of the juice of grapes or the acetous fermentation of wine, produced according to federal regulations.

5.

The term "glucose vinegar" shall be construed to mean the product made by the alcoholic and subsequent acetous fermentations of sugar, molasses and/or other nutritive carbohydrate sweeteners.

6.

The terms "spirit vinegar," "distilled vinegar," "grain vinegar," "white distilled vinegar," "white vinegar," shall be construed to mean the product made by the acetous fermentations of dilute ethyl alcohol.

7.

All vinegars which contain less than four grams of acetic acid in one hundred cubic centimeters of the vinegar at twenty degrees centigrade, shall be deemed adulterated. Nothing herein shall be deemed to prohibit the manufacture of vinegar for consumption elsewhere than within this state, of such acid content as may be elsewhere required.

8.

The product made by the destructive distillation of wood, known as pyroligneous acid, shall not be sold, offered, exposed or had in possession for sale, for food.

9.

The terms blended vinegar, mixed vinegar, compound vinegar shall be construed to mean the product made by acetous fermentation of a blend of raw materials or a blend of two or more vinegars, suitably labeled according to law. The product may also be described as "_________ vinegar," the blank being filled in by any suitable and non-deceptive term that does not represent or suggest that the product consists solely of a vinegar described in subdivisions one through six of this section. 9-a. Manufacture and sale of vinegar and vinegar products defined in subdivisions one through six of this section shall not be deemed to be misbranded provided the product so defined is labeled in compliance with subdivision three of section two hundred one of this article.

10.

Vinegar products other than those defined in subdivisions one through six of this section shall not be deemed to be misbranded or adulterated provided that the product source of the raw material shall be identified on the label by its common or usual name. This includes other fruit vinegars which shall be entitled "________ vinegar," the blank being filled in by the name of the fruit or fruit juices. Packages containing vinegars made from wine or fruits which have been reduced with water must be plainly marked or branded "reduced to ......... per centum acid strength," indicating the acidity to which they have been so reduced, or words equivalent thereto.

11.

The manufacture and sale of the products made by the addition of safe and suitable flavorings and/or coloring ingredients to vinegars described in subdivisions one through ten of this section, and suitably labeled according to law shall not be deemed to be misbranded.
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Last accessed
Dec. 13, 2016