New York Agriculture & Markets Law
Regulations in Regard to Manufactories, Plants or Places Where Milk or Cream Is Brought or Received
§ 54. Regulations in regard to manufactories, plants or places where milk or cream is brought or received. No person shall sell, supply or bring to any butter or cheese factory or to any plant or place which manufactures a food product from milk or which ships or sells milk for consumption any milk diluted with water, or any unclean, impure, unhealthy, adulterated or unwholesome milk, or milk from which any of the cream has been taken, except pure skim milk to skim-cheese factories. No person shall sell, supply or bring to be manufactured to any butter or cheese factory or to any plant or place which manufactures a food product from milk or which ships or sells milk for consumption any milk that is sour or from which has been kept back any part of the milk commonly known as strippings, except pure skim milk to skim-cheese factories. The owner or proprietor or the person having charge of any such manufactory, plant or place where milk is received for any such purpose, not buying all the milk used by him, shall not use for his own benefit, or allow any of his employees or any other person to use for his own benefit, any milk, cream, butter or cheese or any other product thereof, brought to such factory, without the consent of the owners of such milk or the products thereof. Every such manufactory, plant or place not buying all the milk used, shall keep a correct account of all the milk or cream daily received, of the number of packages of butter and cheese made each day, and the number of packages and aggregate weight of cheese and butter disposed of each day; which account shall be open to inspection to any person who delivers milk to such manufactory, plant or place. Every purchaser or receiver of milk from the producer thereof, for manufacturing purposes or for reselling the same, shall on written request therefor, tender daily thereafter at time of delivery to such producer, or to the person delivering such milk to such purchaser in behalf of such producer, a written statement of the amount of milk so received or purchased until or unless such producer notifies such purchaser in writing that he no longer desires such statement; such statement shall give, first, the name of the producer or seller, second, the date of delivery, third, the amount so delivered, fourth, shall be signed by the purchaser or his duly authorized representative; such statement shall be given in the terms of the unit used as a basis for determining the value thereof. Such purchaser or receiver shall, at each periodical time of payment for such milk, give each such producer, so delivering milk, a statement showing the amount of milk delivered during the periodical time for which payment is made, and the average per centum of butter fat test of same, provided payment is made on basis of butter fat content. Any person having charge of a milk gathering station or establishment as aforesaid shall keep a true and correct monthly record of the receipts of milk or other dairy products received at such station or establishment, and also a true and correct monthly record of all sales or shipments of milk, cream or other dairy products shipped or sold from such station or establishment, and shall also keep a true and correct monthly record of the amount of skim milk produced in such station or establishment and of the disposition of said skim milk. Such record shall be preserved at such station or establishment for at least two years after the same shall have been made and such records shall at all times be open to the inspection of the commissioner, his assistants or agents. When cream is sold or shipped from any such station or establishment so selling or shipping milk for consumption as aforesaid, each original bottle or package of one quart or less of cream so shipped or sold shall bear a label securely attached to the side of such bottle or package on which shall be conspicuously printed the word “cream” in black letters of at least one-fourth of an inch in length or else the word “cream” shall be blown in the side of such bottle in plain raised letters of at least one-half an inch in length, and the top and side of each and every other original package or can containing cream or original crate or case containing bottles of cream so shipped or sold shall bear a label securely attached on which shall be conspicuously printed the word “cream” in black letters of at least one inch in length and also a plainly written or printed statement on the label stating from whom and what station the same is shipped and the name of the consignee and point of destination and date on which the cream therein was produced by such separation or skimming. The shipment of each and every such original package of cream so shipped and not so labeled as herein required shall constitute a separate violation.