N.Y. Lien Law Section 10
Filing of notice of lien


1.

Notice of lien may be filed at any time during the progress of the work and the furnishing of the materials, or, within eight months after the completion of the contract, or the final performance of the work, or the final furnishing of the materials, dating from the last item of work performed or materials furnished; provided, however, that where the improvement is related to real property improved or to be improved with a single family dwelling, the notice of lien may be filed at any time during the progress of the work and the furnishing of the materials, or, within four months after the completion of the contract, or the final performance of the work, or the final furnishing of the materials, dating from the last item of work performed or materials furnished; and provided further where the notice of lien is for retainage, the notice of lien may be filed within ninety days after the date the retainage was due to be released; except that in the case of a lien by a real estate broker, the notice of lien may be filed only after the performance of the brokerage services and execution of lease by both lessor and lessee and only if a copy of the alleged written agreement of employment or compensation is annexed to the notice of lien, provided that where the payment pursuant to the written agreement of employment or compensation is to be made in installments, then a notice of lien may be filed within eight months after the final payment is due, but in no event later than a date five years after the first payment was made. For purposes of this section, the term “single family dwelling” shall not include a dwelling unit which is a part of a subdivision that has been filed with a municipality in which the subdivision is located when at the time the lien is filed, such property in the subdivision is owned by the developer for purposes other than his personal residence. For purposes of this section, “developer” shall mean and include any private individual, partnership, trust or corporation which improves two or more parcels of real property with single family dwellings pursuant to a common scheme or plan. The notice of lien must be filed in the clerk’s office of the county where the property is situated. If such property is situated in two or more counties, the notice of lien shall be filed in the office of the clerk of each of such counties. The county clerk of each county shall provide and keep a book to be called the “lien docket,” which shall be suitably ruled in columns headed “owners,” “lienors,” “lienor’s attorney,” “property,” “amount,” “time of filing,” “proceedings had,” in each of which he shall enter the particulars of the notice, properly belonging therein. The date, hour and minute of the filing of each notice of lien shall be entered in the proper column. Except where the county clerk maintains a block index, the names of the owners shall be arranged in such book in alphabetical order. The validity of the lien and the right to file a notice thereof shall not be affected by the death of the owner before notice of the lien is filed.

2.

Where the county clerk indexes liens in a block index, every notice of lien presented to the clerk of a county of filing, in order to entitle the same to be filed, shall contain in the body thereof, or shall have endorsed thereon, a designation of the number of every block, on the land map of the county, which is affected by the notice of lien. The county clerk shall cause such notice of lien to be entered in the block index suitably ruled to contain the columns listed in the preceding paragraph, under the block number of every block so designated. In cases where a notice of lien shall have been filed without such designation or with an erroneous designation, the county clerk, on presentation of proper proof thereof, shall enter such instrument in the proper index, under the proper block number of every block in which the land affected is situated, and shall, at the same time, make a note of such entry and of the date thereof in every place in which such instrument may have been erroneously indexed, opposite the entry thereof, and also upon the instrument itself, if the same be in his possession or produced to him for the purpose, and the filing of such instrument shall be constructive notice as to property in the block not duly designated at the time of such filing only from the time when the same shall be properly indexed. A county clerk may adopt a new indexing system utilizing electro-mechanical, electronic or any other method he deems suitable for maintaining the indexes.

Source: Section 10 — Filing of notice of lien, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/LIE/10 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Mar. 2, 2024).

3
Mechanic’s lien on real property
4
Extent of lien
4–A
Insurance proceeds liable for demands
5
Liens under contracts for public improvements
6
Liens for labor on railroads
7
Liability for advance payments, collusive mortgages and incumbrances
8
Terms of contract may be demanded
9
Contents of notice of lien
10
Filing of notice of lien
11
Service of copy of notice of lien
11–A
Notice of completion and acceptance may be demanded
11–B
Copy of notice of lien to a contractor or subcontractor
11–C
Copy of notice of lien to a contractor or subcontractor with respect to public improvements liens
12
Notice of lien on account of public improvements
12–A
Amendment
13
Priority of liens
14
Assignment of lien
15
Assignments of contracts and orders to be filed
16
Assignment of contracts and orders for public improvement to be filed
17
Duration of lien
18
Duration of lien under contract for a public improvement
19
Discharge of lien for private improvement
20
Discharge of lien after notice of lien filed by payment of money into court
21
Discharge of lien for public improvement
21–A
Vacating lien for a public improvement, by order of court
22
Building loan contract
23
Construction of article
24
Enforcement of mechanic’s lien
25
Priority of liens and assignments under contracts for public improvements
26
Subordination of liens after agreement with owner
28
Lien of certain judgments postponed
29
Subordination of liens to subsequent mortgage
30
Subordination of notices of lis pendens
31
Discharge of liens on sale of real property
32
Certain liens and claims not to be affected
33
Certain sections not to apply to laborers’ liens
34
Waiver of lien
35
Waiver of arbitration
37
Bond to discharge all liens
38
Itemized statement may be required of lienor
39
Lien wilfully exaggerated is void
39–A
Liability of lienor where lien has been declared void on account of wilful exaggeration
39–C
Repossession of materials not used

Accessed:
Mar. 2, 2024

Last modified:
Sep. 22, 2014

§ 10’s source at nysenate​.gov

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