New York Labor Law
Complaints by Employees to Commissioner
(a) Any employee; person or organization acting on the employees behalf; or the recognized and certified collective bargaining agent acting on the employees behalf, may file with the commissioner a complaint regarding a violation of this article, article five, seven, nineteen, or nineteen-A of this chapter for an investigation of such complaint and statement setting the appropriate remedy, if any. The commissioner shall keep the names of employees that are the subject of an investigation confidential until such time that disclosure is necessary for resolution of an investigation or a complaint. Failure of an employer to keep adequate records or provide statements of wages to employees as required under this chapter, in addition to exposing such employer to penalties authorized under subdivision one of section two hundred eighteen of this chapter, shall not operate as a bar to filing of a complaint by an employee. In such a case the employer in violation shall bear the burden of proving that the complaining employee was paid wages, benefits and wage supplements.
(b) Any employee, or the recognized and certified collective bargaining agent acting on the employees behalf, contractor, or the recognized and certified labor organization with which the contractor has executed a collective bargaining agreement covering wages, benefits and supplements, may file with the commissioner a complaint regarding an alleged violation of this article or article nineteen of this chapter occasioned by another person, corporation, employer or entities in violation of article thirty-five-E of the general business law for an investigation of such complaint and statement setting the appropriate remedy, if any.