N.Y. Civil Practice Law & Rules Section 4503
Attorney


(a)

1. Confidential communication privileged. Unless the client waives the privilege, an attorney or his or her employee, or any person who obtains without the knowledge of the client evidence of a confidential communication made between the attorney or his or her employee and the client in the course of professional employment, shall not disclose, or be allowed to disclose such communication, nor shall the client be compelled to disclose such communication, in any action, disciplinary trial or hearing, or administrative action, proceeding or hearing conducted by or on behalf of any state, municipal or local governmental agency or by the legislature or any committee or body thereof. Evidence of any such communication obtained by any such person, and evidence resulting therefrom, shall not be disclosed by any state, municipal or local governmental agency or by the legislature or any committee or body thereof. The relationship of an attorney and client shall exist between a professional service corporation organized under article fifteen of the business corporation law to practice as an attorney and counselor-at-law and the clients to whom it renders legal services.

2.

Personal representatives. (A) For purposes of the attorney-client privilege, if the client is a personal representative and the attorney represents the personal representative in that capacity, in the absence of an agreement between the attorney and the personal representative to the contrary:

(i)

No beneficiary of the estate is, or shall be treated as, the client of the attorney solely by reason of his or her status as beneficiary;

(ii)

The existence of a fiduciary relationship between the personal representative and a beneficiary of the estate does not by itself constitute or give rise to any waiver of the privilege for confidential communications made in the course of professional employment between the attorney or his or her employee and the personal representative who is the client; and

(iii)

The fiduciary’s testimony that he or she has relied on the attorney’s advice shall not by itself constitute such a waiver. (B) For purposes of this paragraph, “personal representative” shall mean (i) the administrator, administrator c.t.a., ancillary administrator, executor, preliminary executor, temporary administrator, lifetime trustee or trustee to whom letters have been issued within the meaning of subdivision thirty-four of section one hundred three of the surrogate’s court procedure act, and

(ii)

the guardian of an incapacitated communicant if and to the extent that the order appointing such guardian under subdivision (c) of section 81.16 of the mental hygiene law or any subsequent order of any court expressly provides that the guardian is to be the personal representative of the incapacitated communicant for purposes of this section; “beneficiary” shall have the meaning set forth in subdivision eight of section one hundred three of the surrogate’s court procedure act and “estate” shall have the meaning set forth in subdivision nineteen of section one hundred three of the surrogate’s court procedure act.

(b)

Wills and revocable trusts. In any action involving the probate, validity or construction of a will or, after the grantor’s death, a revocable trust, an attorney or his employee shall be required to disclose information as to the preparation, execution or revocation of any will, revocable trust, or other relevant instrument, but he shall not be allowed to disclose any communication privileged under subdivision (a) which would tend to disgrace the memory of the decedent.

Source: Section 4503 — Attorney, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/CVP/4503 (updated Nov. 22, 2019; accessed Jun. 22, 2024).

4501
Self-incrimination
4502
Spouse
4503
Attorney
4504
Physician, dentist, podiatrist, chiropractor and nurse
4505
Confidential communication to clergy privileged
4506
Eavesdropping evidence
4507
Psychologist
4508
Social worker
4509
Library records
4510
Rape crisis counselor or domestic violence advocate
4511
Judicial notice of law
4512
Competency of interested witness or spouse
4513
Competency of person convicted of crime
4514
Impeachment of witness by prior inconsistent statement
4515
Form of expert opinion
4516
Proof of age of child
4517
Prior testimony in a civil action
4518
Business records
4519
Personal transaction or communication between witness and decedent or person with a mental illness
4519‑A
Possession of opioid antagonists
4520
Certificate or affidavit of public officer
4521
Lack of record
4522
Ancient filed maps, surveys and records affecting real property
4523
Search by title insurance or abstract company
4524
Conveyance of real property without the state
4525
Copies of statements under article nine of the uniform commercial code
4526
Marriage certificate
4527
Death or other status of missing person
4528
Weather conditions
4529
Inspection certificate issued by United States department of agriculture
4530
Certificate of population
4531
Affidavit of service or posting notice by person unavailable at trial
4532
Self-authentication of newspapers and periodicals of general circulation
4532‑A
Admissibility of graphic, numerical, symbolic or pictorial representations of medical or diagnostic tests
4532‑B
An image, map, location, distance, calculation, or other information taken from a web mapping service, a global satellite imaging site, o...
4533
Market reports
4533‑A
Prima facie proof of damages
4533‑B
Proof of payment by joint tort-feasor
4534
Standard of measurement used by surveyor
4536
Proof of writing by comparison of handwriting
4537
Proof of writing subscribed by witness
4538
Acknowledged, proved or certified writing
4539
Reproductions of original
4540
Authentication of official record of court or government office in the United States
4540‑A
Presumption of authenticity based on a party’s production of material authored or otherwise created by the party
4541
Proof of proceedings before justice of the peace
4542
Proof of foreign records and documents
4543
Proof of facts or writing by methods other than those authorized in this article
4544
Contracts in small print
4545
Admissibility of collateral source of payment
4546
Loss of earnings and impairment of earning ability in actions for medical, dental or podiatric malpractice
4547
Compromise and offers to compromise
4548
Privileged communications
4549
Admissibility of an opposing party’s statement
4550
Admissibility of evidence related to legally protected health activity
4551
New York voting and elections database

Accessed:
Jun. 22, 2024

Last modified:
Nov. 22, 2019

§ 4503’s source at nysenate​.gov

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