N.Y. Real Property Tax Law Section 554
Correction of errors on tax rolls


1.

The appropriate tax levying body may correct a clerical error, an unlawful entry, or an error in essential fact other than an error in essential fact as defined in paragraph (d) of subdivision three of § 550 (Definitions)section five hundred fifty of this title in accordance with the provisions of this section.

2.

Whenever it appears to an owner of real property, or any person who would be entitled to file a complaint pursuant to § 524 (Complaints with respect to assessments)section five hundred twenty-four of this chapter, that a clerical error, an unlawful entry or error in essential fact described in subdivision one of this section is present on the tax roll in regard to his real property, such owner or other person, may, at any time prior to the expiration of the warrant, file an application in duplicate with the county director of real property tax services for the correction of such error.

3.

The application for correction of a clerical error, an unlawful entry or error in essential fact pursuant to this section shall be on a form and shall contain such information as prescribed by the commissioner, including any available proof that such error occurred, and shall be available in the offices of all collecting officers and in the office of the county director. For an error in essential fact, the application for correction shall include a copy of the property record card, field book, or other final work product upon which the incorrect assessment was based and a copy of any existing municipal record which substantiates the occurrence of the error. For an unlawful entry as defined in paragraph (a) of subdivision seven of § 550 (Definitions)section five hundred fifty of this title, the application for correction shall include a statement by the assessor or by a majority of a board of assessors substantiating that the assessor or assessors have obtained proof that the parcel which is the subject of the application should have been granted tax exempt status; the failure to include such statement shall render the application null and void and shall bar the tax levying body from ordering correction of the tax roll pursuant to this section.

4.

(a) The county director, within ten days of the receipt of an application filed pursuant to this section, shall investigate the circumstances of the claimed clerical error, unlawful entry or error in essential fact to determine whether the error exists, and on such investigation he may require and shall receive from any officer, employee, department, board, bureau, office or other instrumentality of the appropriate municipal corporation such facilities, assistance and data as will enable him to properly consummate his studies and investigations hereunder.

(b)

Upon completion of such investigation the county director shall immediately transmit a written report of such investigation and his or her recommendation for action thereon, together with both copies of the application, to the tax levying body. If the same alleged error also appears on a current assessment roll, the county director shall also file a copy of such report and recommendation with the appropriate assessor and board of assessment review who shall consider the same to be the equivalent of a petition for correction filed with such board pursuant to § 553 (Correction of final assessment rolls)section five hundred fifty-three of this title.

5.

The tax levying body, at a regular or special meeting, upon the presentation of an application filed pursuant to this section and the written report described by subdivision four of this section, shall:

(a)

examine the application and report to determine whether the claimed clerical error, unlawful entry or error in essential fact exists;

(b)

reject an application where it is determined that the claimed clerical error, unlawful entry or error in essential fact does not exist by making a notation on the application and the copy thereof that the application is rejected and the reasons for the rejection;

(c)

approve an application where it is determined that the claimed clerical error, unlawful entry or error in essential fact does exist by making a notation on the application and the copy thereof that the application is approved and by entering thereon the correct extension of taxes;

(d)

make an order setting forth the corrected taxes and directing the officer having jurisdiction of the tax roll to correct such roll;

(e)

transmit immediately to the officer having jurisdiction of the tax roll the order and all applications that have been approved;

(f)

mail an application that has been rejected to the applicant;

(g)

mail a notice of approval of an application that has been approved to the applicant;

(h)

file with the records of the tax levying body the copies of all applications.

6.

The officer having jurisdiction of the tax roll, upon receipt of the order described in subdivision five of this section, shall immediately correct the tax roll as directed by the order and shall collect the corrected taxes as determined by the tax levying body. The order and approved applications shall be annexed to the tax roll and warrant, or filed therewith in accordance with § 1584 (Attachment to rolls)section fifteen hundred eighty-four of this chapter, by the officer having jurisdiction of the roll and shall become a part thereof.

7.

(a) An applicant who files his application with the county director within the period when taxes may be paid without interest, may, if his application is approved, pay the corrected tax as determined by the tax levying body without interest if payment is made within eight days of the date on which the notice of approval is mailed pursuant to paragraph (g) of subdivision five of this section.

(b)

An applicant other than one described in paragraph (a) of this subdivision shall pay interest as prescribed by law on the corrected tax; provided, however, that no additional interest shall be imposed if the corrected amount of the tax is paid within eight days of the date on which the notice of approval is mailed pursuant to paragraph (g) of subdivision five of this section, unless such eight day period would end after the expiration of the warrant, in which case the period for paying the corrected tax without additional interest shall end upon the expiration of the warrant.

8.

The powers and duties imposed by this section upon the county director of real property tax services shall be performed by such officer for tax levies for county, city, town, special district and school district purposes except that (a) in the case of counties having the power to assess real property for tax purposes such powers and duties shall be performed by the chief assessing officer or the chairman of the county board of assessors and, (b) in the case of villages, for village tax purposes, such powers and duties shall be performed by the village assessor or the chairman of the village board of assessors; provided, however, that if the village has enacted a local law as provided in subdivision three of § 1402 (Village assessment status)section fourteen hundred two of this chapter, the county director shall perform the powers and duties imposed upon such officer by this section on behalf of such village.

9.

(a) A tax levying body may, by resolution, delegate to an official who is empowered to authorize payment of bills without prior audit by such body or, in the event there is no official so empowered, to an official responsible for the payment of bills upon audit of the appropriate municipal corporation so designated by it, the authority to perform the duties of such tax levying body, as provided in this section. Such resolution shall only be in effect during the calendar year in which it is adopted and shall designate that such delegation of authority is applicable only where the recommended correction is twenty-five hundred dollars or less, or such other sum not to exceed twenty-five hundred dollars.

(b)

Where such resolution is adopted and the recommended correction does not exceed the amount specified in the designating resolution, the county director shall transmit the written report of the investigation and recommendation, together with both copies of the application, to the official designated by the tax levying body. Upon receipt of the written report, the designated official shall follow the procedure which the tax levying body would follow in making corrections, provided, however, where the designated official denies the correction, in whole or in part, such official shall transmit to the tax levying body for its review and disposition pursuant to subdivision five of this section the written report of the investigation and recommendation of the county director, together with both copies of the application and the reasons that the designated official denied the correction. Where the recommendation of the county director is to deny the application or the correction requested is an amount in excess of the amount authorized in the enabling resolution, the county director shall transmit the written report of the investigation and recommendation, together with both copies of the application, to the tax levying body.

(c)

On or before the fifteenth day of each month, the designated official shall submit a report to the tax levying body of the corrections processed by such official during the preceding month. Such report shall indicate the name of each recipient, the location of the property and the amount of the correction.

Source: Section 554 — Correction of errors on tax rolls, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/RPT/554 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Jun. 15, 2024).

Accessed:
Jun. 15, 2024

Last modified:
Sep. 22, 2014

§ 554’s source at nysenate​.gov

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