N.Y. Penal Law Section 265.45
Failure to safely store rifles, shotguns, and firearms in the first degree


1.

No person who owns or is custodian of a rifle, shotgun or firearm who resides with an individual who:

(i)

is under eighteen years of age;

(ii)

such person knows or has reason to know is prohibited from possessing a rifle, shotgun or firearm pursuant to a temporary or final extreme risk protection order issued under article sixty-three-A of the civil practice law and rules or 18 U.S.C. § 922(g) (1), (4), (8) or (9); or

(iii)

such person knows or has reason to know is prohibited from possessing a rifle, shotgun or firearm based on a conviction for a felony or a serious offense, shall store or otherwise leave such rifle, shotgun or firearm out of his or her immediate possession or control without having first securely locked such rifle, shotgun or firearm in an appropriate safe storage depository or rendered it incapable of being fired by use of a gun locking device appropriate to that weapon.

2.

No person shall store or otherwise leave a rifle, shotgun, or firearm out of such person’s immediate possession or control inside a vehicle without first removing the ammunition from and securely locking such rifle, shotgun, or firearm in an appropriate safe storage depository out of sight from outside of the vehicle; provided, however, this subdivision shall not apply to a police officer as such term is defined in subdivision thirty-four of section 1.20 of the criminal procedure law, a qualified law enforcement officer authorized to carry concealed firearms pursuant to 18 U.S.C. 926B, or a person in the military service of the United States or the state of New York when such police officer, qualified law enforcement officer, or person in such military service is acting in the course of such person’s official duty or employment and otherwise complying with any applicable standards or requirements pertaining to the storage of such rifle, shotgun, or firearm.

3.

For purposes of this section “safe storage depository” shall mean a safe or other secure container which, when locked, is incapable of being opened without the key, keypad, combination or other unlocking mechanism and is capable of preventing an unauthorized person from obtaining access to and possession of the weapon contained therein and shall be fire, impact, and tamper resistant. Nothing in this section shall be deemed to affect, impair or supersede any special or local act relating to the safe storage of rifles, shotguns or firearms which impose additional requirements on the owner or custodian of such weapons. For the purposes of subdivision two of this section, a glove compartment or glove box shall not be considered an appropriate safe storage depository.

4.

It shall not be a violation of this section to allow a person less than eighteen years of age access to:

(i)

a firearm, rifle or shotgun for lawful use as authorized under paragraph seven or seven-e of subdivision a of section 265.20 of this article, or

(ii)

a rifle or shotgun for lawful use as authorized by article eleven of the environmental conservation law when such person less than eighteen years of age is the holder of a hunting license or permit and such rifle or shotgun is used in accordance with such law. Failure to safely store rifles, shotguns, and firearms in the first degree is a class A misdemeanor.

Source: Section 265.45 — Failure to safely store rifles, shotguns, and firearms in the first degree, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/PEN/265.­45 (updated May 12, 2023; accessed Apr. 20, 2024).

265.00
Definitions
265.01
Criminal possession of a weapon in the fourth degree
265.01‑A
Criminal possession of a weapon on school grounds
265.01‑B
Criminal possession of a firearm
265.01‑C
Criminal possession of a rapid-fire modification device
265.01‑D
Criminal possession of a weapon in a restricted location
265.01‑E
Criminal possession of a firearm, rifle or shotgun in a sensitive location
265.02
Criminal possession of a weapon in the third degree
265.03
Criminal possession of a weapon in the second degree
265.04
Criminal possession of a weapon in the first degree
265.05
Unlawful possession of weapons by persons under sixteen
265.06
Unlawful possession of a weapon upon school grounds
265.07
Registration and serialization of firearms, rifles, shotguns, finished frames or receivers, and unfinished frames or receivers
265.08
Criminal use of a firearm in the second degree
265.09
Criminal use of a firearm in the first degree
265.10
Manufacture, transport, disposition and defacement of weapons and dangerous instruments and appliances
265.11
Criminal sale of a firearm in the third degree
265.12
Criminal sale of a firearm in the second degree
265.13
Criminal sale of a firearm in the first degree
265.14
Criminal sale of a firearm with the aid of a minor
265.15
Presumptions of possession, unlawful intent and defacement
265.16
Criminal sale of a firearm to a minor
265.17
Criminal purchase or disposal of a weapon
265.19
Aggravated criminal possession of a weapon
265.20
Exemptions
265.25
Certain wounds to be reported
265.26
Burn injury and wounds to be reported
265.30
Certain convictions to be reported
265.35
Prohibited use of weapons
265.37
Unlawful possession of certain ammunition feeding devices
265.38
Unlawful sale of a non-microstamping-enabled firearm
265.40
Purchase of rifles and/or shotguns in contiguous states
265.45
Failure to safely store rifles, shotguns, and firearms in the first degree
265.50
Criminal manufacture, sale, or transport of an undetectable firearm, rifle or shotgun
265.50*2
Failure to safely store rifles, shotguns, and firearms in the second degree
265.55
Criminal possession of an undetectable firearm, rifle or shotgun
265.60
Criminal sale of a ghost gun in the second degree
265.61
Criminal sale of a ghost gun in the first degree
265.63
Criminal sale of a frame or receiver in the second degree
265.64
Criminal sale of a frame or receiver in the first degree
265.65
Criminal purchase of a semiautomatic rifle
265.66
Criminal sale of a semiautomatic rifle

Accessed:
Apr. 20, 2024

Last modified:
May 12, 2023

§ 265.45’s source at nysenate​.gov

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