N.Y. Multiple Dwelling Law Section 284
Owner obligations


1.

(i) The owner of an interim multiple dwelling (A) shall file an alteration application within nine months from the effective date of chapter three hundred forty-nine of the laws of nineteen hundred eighty-two, and (B) shall take all reasonable and necessary action to obtain an approved alteration permit within twelve months from such effective date, and (C) shall achieve compliance with the standards of safety and fire protection set forth in article 7-B (Joint Living-work Quarters For Artists, or General Residential Occupancy of Loft, Commercial or Manufacturing Buildings)article seven-B of this chapter for the residential portions of the building within eighteen months from obtaining such alteration permit or eighteen months from such effective date, whichever is later, and (D) shall take all reasonable and necessary action to obtain a certificate of occupancy as a class A multiple dwelling for the residential portions of the building or structure within thirty-six months from such effective date. The loft board may, upon good cause shown, and upon proof of compliance with the standards of safety and fire protection set forth in article 7-B (Joint Living-work Quarters For Artists, or General Residential Occupancy of Loft, Commercial or Manufacturing Buildings)article seven-B of this chapter, twice extend the time of compliance with the requirement to obtain a residential certificate of occupancy for periods not to exceed twelve months each.

(ii)

An owner of an interim multiple dwelling who has not complied with the requirements of paragraph (i) of this subdivision by the effective date of chapter two hundred twenty-seven of the laws of nineteen hundred ninety-two shall hereafter be deemed in compliance with this subdivision provided that such owner files an alteration application by October first, nineteen hundred ninety-two, takes all reasonable and necessary action to obtain an approved alteration permit by October first, nineteen hundred ninety-three, achieves compliance with the standards of safety and fire protection set forth in article 7-B (Joint Living-work Quarters For Artists, or General Residential Occupancy of Loft, Commercial or Manufacturing Buildings)article seven-B of this chapter for the residential portions of the building by April first, nineteen hundred ninety-five, or within eighteen months from obtaining an approved alteration permit, whichever is later, and takes all reasonable and necessary action to obtain a certificate of occupancy as a class A multiple dwelling for the residential portions of the building or structure by October first, nineteen hundred ninety-five or within six months from achieving compliance with the aforementioned standards for the residential portions of the building, whichever is later.

(iii)

An owner of an interim multiple dwelling who has not complied with the requirements of paragraph (i) or (ii) of this subdivision by the effective date of chapter three hundred nine of the laws of nineteen hundred ninety-six shall hereafter be deemed in compliance with this subdivision provided that such owner files an alteration application by October first, nineteen hundred ninety-six, takes all reasonable and necessary action to obtain an approved alteration permit by October first, nineteen hundred ninety-seven, achieves compliance with the standards of safety and fire protection set forth in article 7-B (Joint Living-work Quarters For Artists, or General Residential Occupancy of Loft, Commercial or Manufacturing Buildings)article seven-B of this chapter for the residential portions of the building by April first, nineteen hundred ninety-nine or within eighteen months from obtaining an approved alteration permit whichever is later, and takes all reasonable and necessary action to obtain a certificate of occupancy as a class A multiple dwelling for the residential portions of the building or structure by June thirtieth, nineteen hundred ninety-nine or within three months from achieving compliance with the aforementioned standards for the residential portions of the building, whichever is later.

(iv)

An owner of an interim multiple dwelling who has not complied with the requirements of paragraph (i), (ii) or (iii) of this subdivision by the effective date of this paragraph as provided in chapter four hundred fourteen of the laws of nineteen hundred ninety-nine which added this paragraph shall hereafter be deemed in compliance with this subdivision provided that such owner files an alteration application by September first, nineteen hundred ninety-nine, takes all reasonable and necessary action to obtain an approved alteration permit by March first, two thousand, achieves compliance with the standards of safety and fire protection set forth in article 7-B (Joint Living-work Quarters For Artists, or General Residential Occupancy of Loft, Commercial or Manufacturing Buildings)article seven-B of this chapter for the residential portions of the building by May first, two thousand two or within twelve months from obtaining an approved alteration permit whichever is later, and takes all reasonable and necessary action to obtain a certificate of occupancy as a class A multiple dwelling for the residential portions of the building or structure by May thirty-first, two thousand two or within one month from achieving compliance with the aforementioned standards for the residential portions of the building, whichever is later.

(v)

An owner of an interim multiple dwelling who has not complied with the requirements of paragraph (i), (ii), (iii) or (iv) of this subdivision by the effective date of this paragraph as provided in chapter eighty-five of the laws of two thousand two shall hereafter be deemed in compliance with this subdivision provided that such owner filed an alteration application by September first, nineteen hundred ninety-nine, took all reasonable and necessary action to obtain an approved alteration permit by March first, two thousand, achieves compliance with the standards of safety and fire protection set forth in article 7-B (Joint Living-work Quarters For Artists, or General Residential Occupancy of Loft, Commercial or Manufacturing Buildings)article seven-B of this chapter for the residential portions of the building by June first, two thousand twelve or within twelve months from obtaining an approved alteration permit whichever is later, and takes all reasonable and necessary action to obtain a certificate of occupancy as a class A multiple dwelling for the residential portions of the building or structure by July second, two thousand twelve or within one month from achieving compliance with the aforementioned standards for the residential portions of the building, whichever is later.

(vi)

Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (i) through (v) of this subdivision the owner of an interim multiple dwelling made subject to this article by subdivision five of § 281 (Definition of “interim multiple dwelling”)section two hundred eighty-one of this article (A) shall file an alteration application on or before March twenty-first, two thousand eleven, or, for units that became subject to this article pursuant to chapter four of the laws of two thousand thirteen on or before June eleventh, two thousand fourteen, or, for units that became subject to this article pursuant to the chapter of the laws of two thousand nineteen that amended this paragraph within nine months from such effective date, or for units in an interim multiple dwelling that were listed on an application for coverage or registration filed with the loft board pursuant to this article or in a court pleading after March eleventh, two thousand fourteen, within nine months of either the date of the initial application for coverage or the date of the loft board’s issuance of an interim multiple dwelling number or the date of the service of the pleading, whichever is earlier, and (B) shall take all reasonable and necessary action to obtain an approved alteration permit on or before June twenty-first, two thousand eleven, or, for units that became subject to this article pursuant to chapter four of the laws of two thousand thirteen on or before September eleventh, two thousand fourteen, or, for units that became subject to this article pursuant to the chapter of the laws of two thousand nineteen that amended this paragraph within twelve months from such effective date, or for units in an interim multiple dwelling that were listed on an application for coverage or registration filed with the loft board pursuant to this article or in a court pleading after March eleventh, two thousand fourteen, within twelve months of either the date of the initial application for coverage or the date of the loft board’s issuance of an interim multiple dwelling number or the date of the service of the pleading, whichever is earlier, and (C) shall achieve compliance with the standards of safety and fire protection set forth in article 7-B (Joint Living-work Quarters For Artists, or General Residential Occupancy of Loft, Commercial or Manufacturing Buildings)article seven-B of this chapter for the residential portions of the building within eighteen months from obtaining such alteration permit, and (D) shall take all reasonable and necessary action to obtain a certificate of occupancy as a class A multiple dwelling for the residential portions of the building or structure on or before December twenty-first, two thousand twelve, or for units that became subject to this article pursuant to chapter four of the laws of two thousand thirteen on or before March eleventh, two thousand sixteen, or, for units that became subject to this article pursuant to the chapter of the laws of two thousand nineteen that amended this paragraph within thirty-six months from such effective date, or for units in an interim multiple dwelling that were listed on an application for coverage or registration filed with the loft board pursuant to this article or in a court pleading after March eleventh, two thousand sixteen, within thirty months of either the date of the initial application for coverage or the date of the loft board’s issuance of an interim multiple dwelling number or the date of the service of the pleading, whichever is earlier. The loft board may, upon good cause shown, and upon proof of compliance with the standards of safety and fire protection set forth in article 7-B (Joint Living-work Quarters For Artists, or General Residential Occupancy of Loft, Commercial or Manufacturing Buildings)article seven-B of this chapter, twice extend the time of compliance with the requirement to obtain a residential certificate of occupancy for periods not to exceed twelve months each.

(vii)

Notwithstanding the provisions of paragraphs (i) through (vi) of this subdivision the owner of an interim multiple dwelling made subject to this article by subdivision six of § 281 (Definition of “interim multiple dwelling”)section two hundred eighty-one of this article (A) shall file an alteration application within nine months from the effective date of the chapter of the laws of two thousand nineteen that amended this paragraph, and (B) shall take all reasonable and necessary action to obtain an approved alteration permit within twelve months from such effective date, and (C) shall achieve compliance with the standards of safety and fire protection set forth in article 7-B (Joint Living-work Quarters For Artists, or General Residential Occupancy of Loft, Commercial or Manufacturing Buildings)article seven-B of this chapter for the residential portions of the building within eighteen months from obtaining such alteration permit or eighteen months from such effective date, whichever is later, and (D) shall take all reasonable and necessary action to obtain a certificate of occupancy as a class A multiple dwelling for the residential portions of the building or structure within thirty-six months from such effective date. The loft board may, upon good cause shown, and upon proof of compliance with the standards of safety and fire protection set forth in article 7-B (Joint Living-work Quarters For Artists, or General Residential Occupancy of Loft, Commercial or Manufacturing Buildings)article seven-B of this chapter, twice extend the time of compliance with the requirement to obtain a residential certificate of occupancy for periods not to exceed twelve months each.

(viii)

An owner who is unable to satisfy any requirement specified in paragraph (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vi), or

(vii)

of this subdivision for reasons beyond his/her control, including, but not limited to, a requirement to obtain a certificate of appropriateness for modification of a landmarked building, a need to obtain a variance from a board of standards and appeals, or the denial of reasonable access to a residential unit as required by paragraph (xii) of this subdivision, may apply to the loft board for an extension of time to meet the requirement specified in paragraph (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vi), or

(vii)

of this subdivision. The loft board may grant an extension of time to meet a requirement specified in paragraph (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vi), or

(vii)

of this subdivision provided that the owner demonstrates that he/she has made good faith efforts to satisfy the requirements.

(ix)

If there is a finding by the loft board that an owner has failed to satisfy any requirement specified in paragraph (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vi), or

(vii)

of this subdivision, such owner shall be subject to all penalties set forth in article 8 (Requirements and Remedies)article eight of this chapter.

(x)

In addition to the penalties provided in article 8 (Requirements and Remedies)article eight of this chapter, if there is a finding by the loft board that an owner has failed to satisfy any requirement specified in paragraph (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vi), or

(vii)

of this subdivision, a court may order specific performance to enforce the provisions of this article upon the application of three occupants of separate residential units, qualified for the protection of this article, or upon the application of the municipality.

(xi)

If, as a consequence of an owner’s unlawful failure to comply with the provisions of paragraph (i), (ii), (iii), (iv), (v), (vi), or

(vii)

of this subdivision, any residential occupant qualified for protection pursuant to this article is required to vacate his or her unit as a result of a municipal vacate order, such occupant may recover from the owner the fair market value of any improvements made by such tenant and reasonable moving costs. Any vacate order issued as to such unit by a local government shall be deemed an order to the owner to correct the non-compliant conditions, subject to the provisions of this article. Furthermore, when such correction has been made, such occupant shall have the right to re-occupy his or her unit and shall be entitled to all applicable tenant protections of this article.

(xii)

The occupants of a building shall, upon appropriate notice regarding the timing and scope of the work required, afford the owner reasonable access to their units so that the work necessary for compliance with this article can be carried out. Access shall also be afforded, upon reasonable prior notice, for the purpose of inspecting and surveying units as may be required to comply with the provisions of this article and article seven-B of this chapter. Failure to comply with an order of the loft board regarding access shall be grounds for eviction of a tenant.

2.

Every owner of an interim multiple dwelling, every lessee of a whole building part of which is an interim multiple dwelling, and every agent or other person having control of such a dwelling, shall, within sixty days of the effective date of the act which added this article, file with the loft board or any other authority designated by the mayor a notice in conformity with all provisions of § 325 (Registry of owner, agent and lessee)section three hundred twenty-five of this chapter and with rules and regulations to be promulgated by the loft board.

Source: Section 284 — Owner obligations, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/MDW/284 (updated Jun. 28, 2019; accessed Jun. 22, 2024).

Accessed:
Jun. 22, 2024

Last modified:
Jun. 28, 2019

§ 284’s source at nysenate​.gov

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