N.Y. Public Lands Law Section 22
Management of sand and gravel resources


The commissioner of general services is authorized to manage, license and regulate the removal of sand, gravel or other material by dredging or otherwise from state owned land now or formerly under water, except such lands specified in subdivision two of this section, and to collect rents, royalties or other fees in connection therewith. The commissioner is also authorized to manage the use of such lands under water, including but not limited to the filling in thereof, in any way and to collect rents and fees in connection therewith, subject to applicable regulatory statutes.


There are excluded from the commissioner’s authorization by subdivision one of this section the following functions and actions:


The taking of sand, gravel or other materials from lands of the state under the waters of Lake Erie bordering upon Chautauqua county, except that the commissioner may license and regulate the taking of sand, gravel and other materials from lands of the state under the waters of Lake Erie at the mouths of Walnut creek, Silver creek and Cattaraugus creek, in the town of Hanover, Chautauqua county, and may prescribe the terms and conditions under which the same may be taken, including the amount of license fees.


The taking of sand, gravel or other materials from the lands in, on or bordering upon Long Island, except that when in the opinion of the United States government, as evidenced by the recommendation of the corps of engineers of the United States army and authorized by the secretary of the army, removal of such sand, gravel or other materials becomes necessary for the improvement of navigation, the commissioner may license and regulate the removal of such materials upon such terms and conditions as he may deem advisable, including the amount of license fees therefor.


The management and use of any such lands under water appropriated to any department or agency except upon written consent of the head of that department or agency.


License fees shall not be discriminatory, but this provision shall not require the fixing of a uniform license fee throughout the state. After the adoption of regulations by the commissioner, it shall be unlawful to take or remove from lands of the state under water any sand, gravel or other material without license issued pursuant to this section.


The commissioner may, in his discretion and upon such terms and conditions, including consideration, as to him shall seem just and proper, authorize the taking of soil from state land under water where such soil is to be taken by an upland owner bordering on state land under water for the improvement or the protection of his upland from the action of the water, or for the restoration, in whole or in part, of his upland where there has been sudden washing away and loss of soil thereof by violent storm and consequent avulsion, but where the title to his land has not been lost, the boundary line remaining the same. The preceding provisions of this section, respecting the management, regulation, licensing or taking of sand, gravel or other material from state land under water, are not affected by the provisions hereof respecting the taking of soil by the upland owner.

Source: Section 22 — Management of sand and gravel resources, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/PBL/22 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Dec. 2, 2023).

State-owned real property inventory and management program
Certain transfers of jurisdiction over state-owned lands and declarations of abandonment by the commissioner of general services
Transfers of certain funds
Powers and duties
Vesting of crown lands in the people of the state
Letters patent, form and contents
Determination of claims based on alleged failure of title
Partition of lands held by the state in joint tenancy or tenancy in common
Trespasses upon state lands
Penalty for trespasses
Power to investigate before grant
Power to confirm defective grant
Certain patents and grants ratified
Certain patents ratified and confirmed
Grants to heirs, devisees or successors in interest
Time of performing conditions of grant
Prohibitions as to grants in Lake George
Filling in the state owned bed of Lake George prohibited
Reservation of Esopus island
Payment of incumbrances on public lands
Abandonment of claims under defective tax sales
Expenses chargeable to special funds
Taxes and assessments for local improvements on state lands
State aid
State aid
Grants of lands in Onondaga salt springs reservation designated on certain map
Conveyance of strips of abandoned canal lands and Onondaga salt springs reservation land
Management of sand and gravel resources
Disposition of moneys received from sale of certain state lands and sand and gravel thereon
Sale or exchange of certain detached parcels of forest preserve lands
Sale or exchange of real property owned by the state and devoted to the use of the organized militia
Refunds when sales cannot be completed
Acquisition of real property by purchase or appropriation
Transfer of state lands or watershed conservation easements to the city of New York for water supply protection purposes
Watershed conservation easements and watershed agricultural easements

Dec. 2, 2023

Last modified:
Sep. 22, 2014

§ 22’s source at nysenate​.gov

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