N.Y. Penal Law Section 190.00
Issuing a bad check

  • definitions of terms

The following definitions are applicable to this article:

1.

“Check” means any check, draft or similar sight order for the payment of money which is not post-dated with respect to the time of utterance.

2.

“Drawer” of a check means a person whose name appears thereon as the primary obligor, whether the actual signature be that of himself or of a person purportedly authorized to draw the check in his behalf.

3.

“Representative drawer” means a person who signs a check as drawer in a representative capacity or as agent of the person whose name appears thereon as the principal drawer or obligor.

4.

“Utter.” A person “utters” a check when, as a drawer or representative drawer thereof, he delivers it or causes it to be delivered to a person who thereby acquires a right against the drawer with respect to such check. One who draws a check with intent that it be so delivered is deemed to have uttered it if the delivery occurs.

5.

“Pass.” A person “passes” a check when, being a payee, holder or bearer of a check which previously has been or purports to have been drawn and uttered by another, he delivers it, for a purpose other than collection, to a third person who thereby acquires a right with respect thereto.

6.

“Funds” means money or credit.

7.

“Insufficient funds.” A drawer has “insufficient funds” with a drawee to cover a check when he has no funds or account whatever, or funds in an amount less than that of the check; and a check dishonored for “no account” shall also be deemed to have been dishonored for “insufficient funds.”

Source: Section 190.00 — Issuing a bad check; definitions of terms, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/PEN/190.­00 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Jun. 15, 2024).

190.00
Issuing a bad check
190.05
Issuing a bad check
190.10
Issuing a bad check
190.15
Issuing a bad check
190.20
False advertising
190.23
False personation
190.25
Criminal impersonation in the second degree
190.26
Criminal impersonation in the first degree
190.27
Criminal sale of a police uniform
190.30
Unlawfully concealing a will
190.35
Misconduct by corporate official
190.40
Criminal usury in the second degree
190.42
Criminal usury in the first degree
190.45
Possession of usurious loan records
190.50
Unlawful collection practices
190.55
Making a false statement of credit terms
190.60
Scheme to defraud in the second degree
190.65
Scheme to defraud in the first degree
190.70
Scheme to defraud the state by unlawfully selling prescriptions
190.72
Unauthorized radio transmission
190.75
Criminal use of an access device in the second degree
190.76
Criminal use of an access device in the first degree
190.77
Offenses involving theft of identity
190.78
Identity theft in the third degree
190.79
Identity theft in the second degree
190.80
Identity theft in the first degree
190.80‑A
Aggravated identity theft
190.81
Unlawful possession of personal identification information in the third degree
190.82
Unlawful possession of personal identification information in the second degree
190.83
Unlawful possession of personal identification information in the first degree
190.84
Defenses
190.85
Unlawful possession of a skimmer device in the second degree
190.86
Unlawful possession of a skimmer device in the first degree
190.87
Immigrant assistant services fraud in the second degree
190.89
Immigrant assistance services fraud in the first degree

Accessed:
Jun. 15, 2024

Last modified:
Sep. 22, 2014

§ 190.00’s source at nysenate​.gov

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