N.Y. Education Law Section 3012
Tenure: certain school districts


1.

(a) i. Teachers and all other members of the teaching staff of school districts, including common school districts and/or school districts employing fewer than eight teachers, other than city school districts, who are appointed prior to July first, two thousand fifteen, shall be appointed by the board of education, or the trustees of common school districts, upon the recommendation of the superintendent of schools, for a probationary period of three years, except that in the case of a teacher who has rendered satisfactory service as a regular substitute for a period of two years or as a seasonally licensed per session teacher of swimming in day schools who has served in that capacity for a period of two years and has been appointed to teach the same subject in day schools, on an annual salary, the probationary period shall be limited to one year; provided, however, that in the case of a teacher who has been appointed on tenure in another school district within the state, the school district where currently employed, or a board of cooperative educational services, and who was not dismissed from such district or board as a result of charges brought pursuant to subdivision one of section three thousand twenty-a or section three thousand twenty-b of this article, the probationary period shall not exceed two years. The service of a person appointed to any of such positions may be discontinued at any time during such probationary period, on the recommendation of the superintendent of schools, by a majority vote of the board of education or the trustees of a common school district. ii. Teachers and all other members of the teaching staff of school districts, including common school districts and/or school districts employing fewer than eight teachers, other than city school districts, who are appointed on or after July first, two thousand fifteen, shall be appointed by the board of education, or the trustees of common school districts, upon the recommendation of the superintendent of schools, for a probationary period of four years, except that in the case of a teacher who has rendered satisfactory service as a regular substitute for a period of two years and, if a classroom teacher, has received annual professional performance review ratings in each of those years, or has rendered satisfactory service as a seasonally licensed per session teacher of swimming in day schools who has served in that capacity for a period of two years and has been appointed to teach the same subject in day schools, on an annual salary, the teacher shall be appointed for a probationary period of two years; provided, however, that in the case of a teacher who has been appointed on tenure in another school district within the state, the school district where currently employed, or a board of cooperative educational services, and who was not dismissed from such district or board as a result of charges brought pursuant to subdivision one of section three thousand twenty-a or section three thousand twenty-b of this article, the teacher shall be appointed for a probationary period of three years; provided that, in the case of a classroom teacher, the teacher demonstrates that he or she received an annual professional performance review rating pursuant to section three thousand twelve-c or section three thousand twelve-d of this chapter in his or her final year of service in such other school district or board of cooperative educational services. Provided further, however, that in the case of a teacher who has been appointed for a probationary period during the two thousand twenty--two thousand twenty-one, the two thousand twenty one--two thousand twenty-two or the two thousand twenty-two--two thousand twenty-three school year and who has been appointed on tenure in another school district within the state, the school district where currently employed, board of cooperative educational services or state school for the blind or deaf and who was not dismissed from such district, board or state school for the blind or deaf as a result of charges brought pursuant to subdivision one of section three thousand twenty-a or section three thousand twenty-b of this article, such teacher shall be appointed for a probationary period of three years; provided that, in the case of a classroom teacher, such teacher demonstrates that he or she received an annual professional performance review rating pursuant to section three thousand twelve-c or section three thousand twelve-d of this article in the two thousand seventeen--two thousand eighteen or two thousand eighteen--two thousand nineteen school year in such other school district, board of cooperative educational services or state school for the blind or deaf. The service of a person appointed to any of such positions may be discontinued at any time during such probationary period, on the recommendation of the superintendent of schools, by a majority vote of the board of education or the trustees of a common school district.

(b)

i. Principals, administrators, supervisors and all other members of the supervising staff of school districts, including common school districts and/or school districts employing fewer than eight teachers, other than city school districts, who are appointed prior to July first, two thousand fifteen, shall be appointed by the board of education, or the trustees of a common school district, upon the recommendation of the superintendent of schools for a probationary period of three years. The service of a person appointed to any of such positions may be discontinued at any time during the probationary period on the recommendation of the superintendent of schools, by a majority vote of the board of education or the trustees of a common school district. ii. Principals, administrators, supervisors and all other members of the supervising staff of school districts, including common school districts and/or school districts employing fewer than eight teachers, other than city school districts, who are appointed on or after July first, two thousand fifteen, shall be appointed by the board of education, or the trustees of a common school district, upon the recommendation of the superintendent of schools for a probationary period of four years; provided, however, that in the case of a principal, administrator, supervisor, or other member of the supervising staff who has been appointed on tenure pursuant to this chapter as an administrator within an authorized administrative tenure area in another school district within the state, the school district where currently employed, or a board of cooperative educational services, and who was not dismissed from such district or board as a result of charges brought pursuant to subdivision one of section three thousand twenty-a or section three thousand twenty-b of this article, the principal, administrator, supervisor or other member of the supervising staff shall be appointed for a probationary period of three years. The service of a person appointed to any of such positions may be discontinued at any time during the probationary period on the recommendation of the superintendent of schools, by a majority vote of the board of education or the trustees of a common school district.

(c)

Any person previously appointed to tenure or a probationary period pursuant to the provisions of former § 3013 (Abolition of office or position)section three thousand thirteen of this article shall continue to hold such position and be governed by the provisions of this section notwithstanding any contrary provision of law.

2.

(a) At the expiration of the probationary term of a person appointed for such term prior to July first, two thousand fifteen, subject to the conditions of this section, the superintendent of schools shall make a written report to the board of education or the trustees of a common school district recommending for appointment on tenure those persons who have been found competent, efficient and satisfactory. Such persons, and all others employed in the teaching service of the schools of such union free school district, common school district and/or school district employing fewer than eight teachers, who have served the probationary period as provided in this section, shall hold their respective positions during good behavior and efficient and competent service, and shall not be removed except for any of the following causes, after a hearing, as provided by section three thousand twenty-a or section three thousand twenty-b of this article:

(a)

insubordination, immoral character or conduct unbecoming a teacher;

(b)

inefficiency, incompetency, physical or mental disability, or neglect of duty;

(c)

failure to maintain certification as required by this chapter and by the regulations of the commissioner. Each person who is not to be recommended for appointment on tenure, shall be so notified by the superintendent of schools in writing not later than sixty days immediately preceding the expiration of his probationary period.

(b)

At the expiration of the probationary term of a person appointed for such term on or after July first, two thousand fifteen, subject to the conditions of this section, the superintendent of schools shall make a written report to the board of education or the trustees of a common school district recommending for appointment on tenure those persons who have been found competent, efficient and satisfactory and, in the case of a classroom teacher or building principal, who have received composite annual professional performance review ratings pursuant to section three thousand twelve-c or section three thousand twelve-d of this article, of either effective or highly effective in at least three of the four preceding years, exclusive of any breaks in service; provided that in the case of a classroom teacher or building principal appointed during the two thousand seventeen--two thousand eighteen or two thousand twenty--two thousand twenty-one school year, who have received composite annual professional performance review ratings pursuant to section three thousand twelve-c or section three thousand twelve-d of this article, of either effective or highly effective in at least one of the four preceding years, exclusive of any breaks in service, and did not receive an ineffective rating in the final year of his or her probationary period, or during the most recent school year where a rating was received, and would have been in the superintendent of schools’ discretion qualified for appointment on tenure based upon performance, notwithstanding that his or her annual professional performance review had not been completed and he or she had not received an annual professional performance rating for the two thousand nineteen--two thousand twenty, two thousand twenty--two thousand twenty-one or the two thousand twenty-one--two thousand twenty-two school year; provided that, in the case of a classroom teacher or building principal appointed during the two thousand eighteen--two thousand nineteen or two thousand nineteen--two thousand twenty school year, who has not received composite annual professional performance review ratings pursuant to section three thousand twelve-c or section three thousand twelve-d of this article for three consecutive years, no ratings shall be required for the superintendent of schools to recommend for appointment on tenure such teacher or building principal if the teacher or principal would have been, in the superintendent of schools’ discretion, qualified for appointment on tenure based upon performance, notwithstanding that his or her annual professional performance review had not been completed and he or she had not received an annual professional performance review rating for the two thousand nineteen--two thousand twenty, two thousand twenty--two thousand twenty-one and two thousand twenty-one--two thousand twenty-two school years; provided that in the case of a classroom teacher or building principal appointed during the two thousand twenty-one--two thousand twenty-two school year who have received composite annual professional performance review ratings pursuant to section three thousand twelve-c or section three thousand twelve-d of this article of either effective or highly effective in at least two of the four preceding years, exclusive of any breaks in service, and did not receive an ineffective rating in the final year of his or her probationary period, or during the most recent school year where a rating was received, and would have been in the superintendent of schools’ discretion qualified for appointment on tenure based upon performance, notwithstanding that his or her annual professional performance review had not been completed and he or she had not received an annual professional performance rating for the two thousand twenty--two thousand twenty-one or two thousand twenty-one--two thousand twenty-two school year; provided further that, notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, when a teacher or principal receives an effective or highly effective rating in each year of his or her probationary service except he or she receives an ineffective rating in the final year of his or her probationary period, such teacher shall not be eligible for tenure but the board of education, in its discretion, may extend the teacher’s probationary period for an additional year; provided, however, that if such teacher or principal successfully appealed such ineffective rating, such teacher or principal shall immediately be eligible for tenure if the rating resulting from the appeal established that such individual has been effective or highly effective in at least three of the preceding four years and was not ineffective in the final year. At the expiration of the probationary period, the classroom teacher or building principal shall remain in probationary status until the end of the school year in which such teacher or principal has received such ratings of effective or highly effective for at least three of the four preceding school years, exclusive of any breaks in service, and subject to the terms hereof, during which time the trustees or board of education shall consider whether to grant tenure for those classroom teachers or building principals who otherwise have been found competent, efficient and satisfactory. Provided, however, that the trustees or board of education may grant tenure contingent upon a classroom teacher’s or building principal’s receipt of a minimum rating in the final year of the probationary period, pursuant to the requirements of this section, and if such contingency is not met after all appeals have been exhausted, the grant of tenure shall be void and unenforceable and the teacher’s or principal’s probationary period may be extended in accordance with this subdivision. Such persons who have been recommended for tenure and all others employed in the teaching service of the schools of such school district who have served the full probationary period as extended pursuant to this subdivision shall hold their respective positions during good behavior and efficient and competent service, and shall not be removable except for cause after a hearing as provided by section three thousand twenty-a or section three thousand twenty-b of this article. Failure to maintain certification as required by this chapter and the regulations of the commissioner shall constitute cause for removal.

3.

Notwithstanding any other provision of this section no period in any school year for which there is no required service and/or for which no compensation is provided shall in any event constitute a break or suspension of probationary period or continuity of tenure rights of any of the persons hereinabove described.

Source: Section 3012 — Tenure: certain school districts, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/EDN/3012 (updated May 20, 2022; accessed Jun. 15, 2024).

3001
Qualifications of teachers
3001‑A
Temporary teaching permit, person not a citizen
3001‑B
First aid instruction mandatory for coaches of extra-class public school athletic activities
3001‑C
First aid instruction mandatory for coaches of high school extra-class nonpublic school athletic activities
3001‑D
Criminal history record checks and conditional appointments
3002
Oath to support federal and state constitutions
3003
Qualifications of superintendents
3004
Regulations governing certification of teachers
3004‑A
National board for professional teaching standards certification grant program
3004‑B
Special procedures for certification
3004‑C
Denial of application for certification
3005
Leave of absence to teachers for teaching in foreign countries, other states and territories and other school districts
3005‑A
Leave of absence for teaching purposes
3005‑B
Leave of absence for personal illness
3006
Commissioner of education to issue certificates
3006‑A
Registration and continuing teacher and leader education requirements for holders of professional certificates in the classroom teaching ...
3007
Endorsement of foreign certificates and diplomas
3008
Certification of teachers by local authorities
3009
Unqualified teachers shall not be paid from school moneys
3010
Penalty for payment of unqualified teacher
3011
Contract with teacher
3012
Tenure: certain school districts
3012‑A
Elementary tenure area
3012‑C
Annual professional performance review of classroom teachers and building principals
3012‑D
Annual teacher and principal evaluations
3013
Abolition of office or position
3014
Tenure: boards of cooperative educational services
3014‑A
Teachers’ rights as a result of a board or boards of cooperative educational services taking over a program formerly operated by a school...
3014‑B
Teachers’ rights as a result of a school district taking over a program formerly operated by a board of cooperative educational services
3014‑C
Teachers’ rights as a result of a school district taking back tuition students
3014‑D
Teachers’ rights as a result of a school district sending students to another district on a tuition basis pursuant to section two thousan...
3015
Teacher’s salary when payable
3016
Contract when teacher is related to trustee or member of board of education
3017
Individual liability of trustees
3018
Revocation of certificate by district superintendent
3019
Penalty for teacher’s failure to complete contract
3019‑A
Notice of termination of service by teachers
3020
Discipline of teachers
3020‑A
Disciplinary procedures and penalties
3020‑B
Streamlined removal procedures for teachers rated ineffective
3021
Removal of superintendents, teachers and employees for treasonable or seditious acts or utterances
3021‑A
Notification of accusatory instrument alleging a sex offense
3022
Elimination of subversive persons from the public school system
3023
Liability of a board of education, trustee, trustees or board of cooperative educational services
3024
Teachers responsible for record books
3025
Verification of school register
3026
Discriminations based on sex prohibited
3027
Discrimination based on age prohibited
3028
Liability of school district for cost and attorney’s fees of action against, or prosecutions of, teachers, members of supervisory and adm...
3028‑A
Students under twenty-one years of age suspected of alcohol abuse or narcotic addiction
3028‑B
Notification of teachers’ duty to provide information and immunity from liability
3028‑C
Protection of school employees who report acts of violence and weapons possession
3028‑D
Protection of school employees who report information regarding illegal or inappropriate financial practices
3029
Hours of continuous duty for full time teachers
3029‑A
Silent meditation in public schools
3030
Interstate agreement on qualifications of educational personnel
3031
Procedure when tenure not to be granted at conclusion of probationary period or when services to be discontinued
3032
Teacher summer business training and employment program
3033
New York state mentor teacher-internship program
3034
Teacher career recruitment clearinghouse
3035
Duties of commissioner
3036
Coursework for reporting child abuse and maltreatment for those with coaching licenses or coaching certificates
3037
Grants for hiring teachers
3038
The superintendent of each school district, in consultation with the district superintendent of a board of cooperative educational servic...

Accessed:
Jun. 15, 2024

Last modified:
May 20, 2022

§ 3012’s source at nysenate​.gov

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