New York Agriculture & Markets Law
Agricultural Assessment Values
1. Agricultural assessment values shall be calculated and certified annually in accordance with the provisions of this section.
2. a. The commissioner of agriculture and markets shall establish and maintain an agricultural land classification system based upon soil productivity and capability. The agricultural land classification system shall distinguish between mineral and organic soils. There shall be ten primary groups of mineral soils and such other subgroups as the commissioner determines necessary to represent high-lime and low-lime content. There shall be four groups of organic soils.
b. The land classification system shall be promulgated by rule by the commissioner following a review of comments and recommendations of the advisory council on agriculture and after a public hearing. In making any revisions to the land classification system the commissioner may, in his or her discretion, conduct a public hearing. The commissioner shall foster participation by county agricultural and farmland protection boards, district soil and water conservation committees, and the cooperative extension service and consult with other state agencies, appropriate federal agencies, municipalities, the New York state college of agriculture and life sciences at Cornell university and farm organizations.
c. The commissioner shall certify to the commissioner of taxation and finance the soil list developed in accordance with the land classification system and any revisions thereto.
d. The commissioner shall prepare such materials as may be needed for the utilization of the land classification system and provide assistance to landowners and local officials in its use.
3. a. The commissioner of taxation and finance shall annually calculate a single agricultural assessment value for each of the mineral and organic soil groups which shall be applied uniformly throughout the state. A base agricultural assessment value shall be separately calculated for mineral and organic soil groups in accordance with the procedure set forth in subdivision four of this section and shall be assigned as the agricultural assessment value of the highest grade mineral and organic soil group.
b. The agricultural assessment values for the remaining mineral soil groups shall be the product of the base agricultural assessment value and a percentage, derived from the productivity measurements determined for each soil and related soil group in conjunction with the land classification system, as follows: Percentage of Base Agricultural Mineral Soil Group Assessment Value 1A 100 1B 89 2A 89 2B 79 3A 79 3B 68 4A 68 4B 58 5A 58 5B 47 6A 47 6B 37 7 37 8 26 9 16 10 5 c. The agricultural assessment values for the remaining organic soil groups shall be the product of the base agricultural assessment value and a percentage, as follows: Percentage of Base Agricultural Organic Soil Group Assessment Value A 100 B 65 C 55 D 35 d. The agricultural assessment value for organic soil group A shall be two times the base agricultural assessment value calculated for mineral soil group 1A.
e. The agricultural assessment value for farm woodland shall be the same as that calculated for mineral soil group seven.
f. Where trees or vines used for the production of fruit are located on land used in agricultural production, the value of such trees and vines, and the value of all posts, wires and trellises used for the production of fruit, shall be considered to be part of the agricultural assessment value of such land.
g. The agricultural assessment value for land and waters used in aquacultural enterprises shall be the same as that calculated for mineral soil group 1A.
4. a. The base agricultural assessment value shall be the average capitalized value of production per acre for the eight year period ending in the second year preceding the year for which the agricultural assessment values are certified. The capitalized value of production per acre shall be calculated by dividing the product of the value of production per acre and the percentage of net profit by a capitalization rate of ten percent, representing an assumed investment return rate of eight percent and an assumed real property tax rate of two percent.
b. The value of production per acre shall be the value of production divided by the number of acres harvested in New York state.
c. The percentage of net profit shall be adjusted net farm income divided by realized gross farm income.
(i) Adjusted net farm income shall be the sum of net farm income, taxes on farm real estate and the amount of mortgage interest debt attributable to farmland, less a management charge of one percent of realized gross farm income plus seven percent of adjusted production expenses.
(ii) The amount of mortgage interest debt attributable to farmland shall be the product of the interest on mortgage debt and the percentage of farm real estate value attributable to land.
(iii) The percentage of farm real estate value attributable to land shall be the difference between farm real estate value and farm structure value divided by farm real estate value.
(iv) Adjusted production expenses shall be production expenses, less the sum of the taxes on farm real estate and the interest on mortgage debt.
d. The following data, required for calculations pursuant to this subdivision, shall be as published by the United States department of agriculture for all farming in New York state:
(i) Farm real estate value shall be the total value of farmland and buildings, including improvements.
(ii) Farm structure value shall be the total value of farm buildings, including improvements.
(iii) Interest on mortgage debt shall be the total interest paid on farm real estate debt.
(iv) Net farm income shall be realized gross income less production expenses, as adjusted for change in inventory.
(v) Production expenses shall be the total cost of production.
(vi) Realized gross income shall be the total of cash receipts from farm marketings, government payments, nonmoney income and other farm income.
(vii) Taxes on farm real estate shall be the total real property taxes on farmland and buildings, including improvements.
(viii) Number of acres harvested including all reported crops.
(ix) Value of production shall be the total estimated value of all reported crops.
e. In the event that the data required for calculation pursuant to this subdivision is not published by the United States department of agriculture or is incomplete, such required data shall be obtained from the New York state department of agriculture and markets.
f. Upon completion of each annual calculation of agricultural assessment values, the commissioner of taxation and finance shall publish an annual report, which shall include a schedule of values, citations to data sources and presentation of all calculations. The commissioner of taxation and finance shall thereupon certify the schedule of agricultural assessment values and shall transmit a schedule of such certified values to each assessor. Beginning in the year two thousand six and every five years thereafter, the commissioner of taxation and finance shall transmit copies of such annual reports for the five years previous to such transmittal, to the governor and legislature, the advisory council on agriculture, and other appropriate state agencies and interested parties.
g. Notwithstanding any other provision of this section to the contrary, in no event shall the change in the base agricultural assessment value for any given year exceed two percent of the base agricultural assessment value of the preceding year.
5. a. In carrying out their responsibilities under this section, the commissioner of taxation and finance and the commissioner shall keep the advisory council on agriculture fully apprised on matters relating to its duties and responsibilities.
b. In doing so, the commissioner of taxation and finance and the commissioner shall provide, in a timely manner, any materials needed by the advisory council on agriculture to carry out its responsibilities under this section.