N.Y. Real Property Law Section 461

As used in this article, the following terms shall have the following meanings:


“Agent” means a person who is licensed as a real estate broker or a real estate salesperson pursuant to § 440-A (License required for real estate brokers and salespersons)section four hundred forty-a of this chapter and is acting in a fiduciary capacity.


“Binding contract of sale” means a real estate purchase contract or offer that would, upon signing by the seller and subject to satisfaction of any contingencies, require the buyer to accept a transfer of title.


“Knowledge” means only actual knowledge of a defect or condition on the part of the seller of residential real property.


“Real estate purchase contract” means any of the following:


a contract which provides for the purchase and sale or exchange of residential real property;


a lease with an option to purchase residential real property;


a lease-with-obligation-to-purchase agreement for residential real property; or


an installment land sale contract for residential real property.


“Residential real property” means real property improved by a one to four family dwelling used or occupied, or intended to be used or occupied, wholly or partly, as the home or residence of one or more persons, but shall not refer to (a) unimproved real property upon which such dwellings are to be constructed, or


condominium units or cooperative apartments, or


property in a homeowners’ association that is not owned in fee simple by the seller.


“Transfer of title” means delivery of a properly executed instrument conveying title to residential real property and shall include delivery of a real estate purchase contract that is a lease or installment land sale contract.

Source: Section 461 — Definitions, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/RPP/461 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Jun. 15, 2024).

Jun. 15, 2024

Last modified:
Sep. 22, 2014

§ 461’s source at nysenate​.gov

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