New York Not-for-profit Corporation Law
Sec. § 552
Standard of Conduct in Managing and Investing an Institutional Fund

552. Standard of conduct in managing and investing an institutional fund.


Subject to the intent of a donor expressed in a gift instrument, an institution, in managing and investing an institutional fund, shall consider the purposes of the institution and the purposes of the institutional fund.


In addition to complying with the duty of loyalty imposed by law other than this article, each person responsible for managing and investing an institutional fund shall manage and invest the fund in good faith and with the care an ordinarily prudent person in a like position would exercise under similar circumstances.


In managing and investing an institutional fund, an institution consistent with section 717 (Duty of Directors and Officers):


may incur only costs that are appropriate and reasonable in relation to the assets, the purposes of the institution, and the skills available to the institution; and


shall make a reasonable effort to verify facts relevant to the management and investment of the fund.


An institution may pool two or more institutional funds for purposes of management and investment.


Except as otherwise provided by a gift instrument, the following rules apply:


In managing and investing an institutional fund, the following factors, if relevant, must be considered: (A) general economic conditions; (B) the possible effect of inflation or deflation; (C) the expected tax consequences, if any, of investment decisions or strategies; (D) the role that each investment or course of action plays within the overall investment portfolio of the fund; (E) the expected total return from income and the appreciation of investments; (F) other resources of the institution; (G) the needs of the institution and the fund to make distributions and to preserve capital; and (H) an assets special relationship or special value, if any, to the purposes of the institution.


Management and investment decisions about an individual asset must be made not in isolation but rather in the context of the institutional funds portfolio of investments as a whole and as a part of an overall investment strategy having risk and return objectives reasonably suited to the fund and to the institution.


Except as otherwise provided by law other than this article, an institution may invest in any kind of property or type of investment consistent with this article.


An institution shall diversify the investments of an institutional fund unless the institution prudently determines that, because of special circumstances, the purposes of the fund are better served without diversification. An institution shall review a decision not to diversify as frequently as circumstances require, but at least annually.


Within a reasonable time after receiving property, an institution shall make and carry out decisions concerning the retention or disposition of the property or to rebalance a portfolio, in order to bring the institutional fund into compliance with the purposes, terms, and distribution requirements of the institution as necessary to meet other circumstances of the institution and the requirements of this article.


A person that has special skills or expertise, or is selected in reliance upon the persons representation that the person has special skills or expertise, has a duty to use those skills or that expertise in managing and investing institutional funds.


Each institution shall adopt a written investment policy setting forth guidelines on investments and delegation of management and investment functions in accord with the standards of this article.
Last accessed
Dec. 13, 2016