N.Y. Mental Hygiene Law Section 36.01
Crisis stabilization centers


(1) The commissioners are authorized to jointly license crisis stabilization centers subject to the availability of state and federal funding.


A crisis stabilization center shall serve as a voluntary and urgent service provider for persons at risk of a mental health or substance abuse crisis or who are experiencing a crisis related to a psychiatric and/or substance use disorder that are in need of crisis stabilization services. Each crisis stabilization center shall provide or contract to provide person centered and patient driven crisis stabilization services for mental health or substance use twenty-four hours per day, seven days per week, including but not limited to:


Engagement, triage and assessment;


Continuous observation;


Mild to moderate detoxification;


Sobering services;


Therapeutic interventions;


Discharge and after care planning;




Peer support services; and


Medication assisted treatment.


The commissioners shall require each crisis stabilization center to submit a plan. The plan shall be approved by the commissioners prior to the issuance of a license pursuant to this article. Each plan shall include:


a description of the center’s catchment area, (ii) a description of the center’s crisis stabilization services, (iii) agreements or affiliations with hospitals as defined in section 1.03 of this chapter, (iv) agreements or affiliations with general hospitals or law enforcement to receive persons, (v) a description of local resources available to the center to prevent unnecessary hospitalizations of persons, (vi) a description of the center’s linkages with local police agencies, emergency medical services, ambulance services and other transportation agencies, (vii) a description of local resources available to the center to provide appropriate community mental health and substance use disorder services upon release, (viii) written criteria and guidelines for the development of appropriate planning for persons in need of post community treatment or services, (ix) a statement indicating that the center has been included in an approved local services plan developed pursuant to article 41 (Local Services)article forty-one of this chapter for each local government located within the center’s catchment area; and


any other information or agreements required by the commissioners.


Crisis stabilization centers shall participate in county and community planning activities annually, and as additionally needed, in order to participate in local community service planning processes to ensure, maintain, improve or develop community services that demonstrate recovery outcomes. These outcomes include, but are not limited to, quality of life, socio-economic status, entitlement status, social networking, coping skills and reduction in use of crisis services.


Each crisis stabilization center shall be staffed with a multidisciplinary team capable of meeting the needs of individuals experiencing all levels of crisis in the community, which shall include, but not be limited to, at least one psychiatrist or psychiatric nurse practitioner, a credentialed alcoholism and substance abuse counselor and one peer support specialist on duty and available at all times.


The commissioners shall promulgate regulations necessary to the operation of such crisis stabilization centers.


Where a crisis stabilization center has been established prior to the effective date of this article, the previously established center may be issued a license where the provider can demonstrate substantial compliance with minimum crisis service standards necessary for patient safety and program efficacy.


For the purpose of addressing unique rural service delivery needs and conditions, the commissioners shall provide technical assistance for the establishment of crisis stabilization centers otherwise approved under the provisions of this section, including technical assistance to promote and facilitate the establishment of such centers in rural areas in the state or combinations of rural counties.


The commissioners shall develop guidelines for educational materials to assist crisis stabilization centers in educating local practitioners, community mental health and substance abuse programs, hospitals, law enforcement and peers. Such materials shall include appropriate education relating to de-escalation techniques, cultural competency, the recovery process, mental health, substance use, and avoidance of aggressive confrontation.


Within the amounts appropriated, the commissioners shall arrange for appropriate training to law enforcement entities, first responders, including but not limited to firefighters and emergency medical services personnel, and any other entities deemed appropriate by the commissioners, located within the catchment area of a crisis stabilization center. The training may include but not be limited to:


crisis intervention team training;


mental health first aid;


implicit bias training; and


naloxone training. Such training may be provided in an electronic format or other format as deemed appropriate by the commissioners. The commissioners may contract with an organization with the knowledge and expertise in providing the training required under this subdivision.

Source: Section 36.01 — Crisis stabilization centers, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/MHY/36.­01 (updated May 13, 2022; accessed Jun. 15, 2024).

Jun. 15, 2024

Last modified:
May 13, 2022

§ 36.01’s source at nysenate​.gov

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