N.Y. Insurance Law Section 2320
Enforcement and penalties

  • where prior approval is not required

(a)

The superintendent may as often as he deems it expedient examine any insurer or rate service organization to ascertain whether its rating and underwriting practices are in accordance with law. Rate service organizations which make or file rates, whether or not advisory, shall be examined at least once in every five years pursuant to the provisions of this chapter applicable to the examination of insurers. Filed reports on examinations shall be available for public inspection at the department.

(b)

(1) If the superintendent determines after a hearing that any rate used by an insurer does not comply with the applicable provisions of this article, he shall order that the rate be disapproved, and the order may include provision for premium adjustment. The order may also require that, for such period of time as the superintendent may determine, subsequent rate filings of the insurer subject to subsection (a) of § 2305 (Rates or rating plans)section two thousand three hundred five of this article shall not become effective unless the filings are made in accordance with the provisions of subsection (b) of such section.

(2)

The superintendent may, upon fifteen days prior written notice: (A) order the suspension, prospectively, of a rate used by an insurer and reimpose the last previous rate in effect; or (B) order the suspension, prospectively, of a rate used by an insurer and determine an adjusted rate that complies with the standards set forth in this article. In any such event, the insurer may within that same fifteen day period make a written request for a hearing, in which event the superintendent may establish an interim rate by reimposing the last previous rate in effect or determining an adjusted rate pursuant to subparagraphs (A) and (B), respectively, of this paragraph. This interim rate shall remain effective pending the close of the hearing, which shall be held within fifteen days of the insurer’s request. Within fifteen days after the close of the hearing, the superintendent shall determine the rate that complies with the standards set forth in this article based upon the hearing record, and the rate so determined shall apply prospectively for a period not to exceed one year.

(3)

At any such hearing, the insurer shall have the burden of justifying the rate in question. All such determinations of the superintendent shall be on the basis of findings of fact and conclusions. Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the superintendent from determining that the last previous rate in effect or the rate filed by the insurer or rate service organization complies with the standards set forth in this article. Nothing in this subsection shall preclude the insurer or a rate service organization from making or modifying any rate filing at any time.

(c)

If the superintendent, after notice and hearing, finds that any insurer, rate service organization or other person has violated the applicable provisions of this article, he shall order the payment of a penalty. The issuance, procurement or negotiation of a single policy of insurance shall be deemed a separate offense. A penalty not to exceed one thousand dollars may be imposed for each such offense. A further penalty not to exceed two thousand five hundred dollars may be imposed for each offense in which the superintendent finds that there was a knowing violation, provided that a minumum penalty of at least twenty-five thousand dollars shall be imposed regardless of the number of such knowing offenses.

(d)

This section shall be applicable to kinds of insurance or insurance activities the rates for which are not subject to prior approval and which are subject to this article. * NB Expires July 1, 2026

Source: Section 2320 — Enforcement and penalties; where prior approval is not required, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/ISC/2320 (updated Jul. 7, 2023; accessed Jun. 15, 2024).

2301
Purpose
2302
Applicability
2303
Standards for rates
2304
Rate making and supporting information
2305
Rates or rating plans
2306
Delegation of rate filing obligation
2307
Rating classifications or territories
2308
Imposition of prior approval
2309
Excess rate
2310
Informational filings
2311
Suspension of filing requirement
2312
Immigration bond premium
2313
Rate service organization
2314
Charging of rates
2315
Recording and reporting of experience
2316
Prohibition of anti-competitive behavior
2317
Joint underwriting or joint reinsurance
2318
Risk sharing plans
2319
Information to be furnished insureds
2320
Enforcement and penalties
2321
Enforcement and penalties
2322
Final determination
2323
Profitability and rates of return
2324
Rebating and discrimination
2325
Accounts and statistics
2326
Evaluation of competitive rating provisions
2327
Verification of driving history
2328
Certain motor vehicle insurance rates
2329
Motor vehicle insurance rates
2330
No fault motor vehicle insurance rates
2331
Motor vehicle comprehensive insurance rates
2332
Non-commercial private passenger automobile insurance rates
2333
Non-commercial private passenger automobile insurance rates
2334
Non-commercial private passenger automobile insurance rates
2335
Motor vehicle liability insurance rates
2335‑A
Prohibition of rate increases for persons involved in emergency use of vehicles
2336
Motor vehicle liability, comprehensive and collision insurance rates
2336‑A
Snowmobile liability insurance rates
2336‑B
Boat liability insurance rates
2337
Private passenger automobile physical damage insurance
2338
Appeal from rate service organization action
2339
Charging or receiving of rates
2340
Credit property insurance
2342
Expiration of certain provisions
2343
Medical malpractice insurance rates
2344
Flexible rate limitations in problem markets
2345
Disclosure of premium reductions and surcharges
2346
Reduction in rates of fire insurance, homeowners insurance or property/casualty premiums for residential property
2346‑A
Reduction in rates of certain commercial risk insurance premiums for real property
2347
Workers’ compensation rate changes
2348
Anti-theft and fraud savings
2349
Multi-tier program
2350
Flexible rating for nonbusiness automobile insurance policies
2351
Homeowners’ insurance policies
2352
Multiple rating programs
2353
For-hire motor vehicle safety program

Accessed:
Jun. 15, 2024

Last modified:
Jul. 7, 2023

§ 2320’s source at nysenate​.gov

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