General City Law Section 72
Collection, levy and liens
(b)Notice and demand for tax.--The administrator shall as soon as practicable give notice to each person liable for any amount of tax, addition to tax, penalty or interest, which has been assessed but remains unpaid, stating the amount and demanding payment thereof. Such notice shall be left at the dwelling or usual place of business of such person or shall be sent by mail to such person’s last known address. Except where the administrator determines that collection would be jeopardized by delay, if any tax is assessed prior to the last date (including any date fixed by extension) prescribed for payment of such tax, payment of such tax shall not be demanded until after such date.
(c)Issuance of warrant after notice and demand.--If any person liable under this local law for the payment of any tax, addition to tax, penalty or interest neglects or refuses to pay the same within ten days after notice and demand therefor is given to such person under subdivision (b), the administrator may within six years after the date of such assessment issue a warrant directed to the sheriff of any county of the state, or to any officer or employee of the department, bureau or other agency of the city administering the tax imposed under this local law under the direction and supervision of the administrator, commanding him to levy upon and sell such person’s real and personal property for the payment of the amount assessed, with the cost of executing the warrant, and to return such warrant to the administrator and pay to him the money collected by virtue thereof within sixty days after the receipt of the warrant. If the administrator finds that the collection of tax or other amount is in jeopardy, notice and demand for immediate payment of such tax may be made by the administrator and upon failure or refusal to pay such tax or other amount the administrator may issue a warrant without regard to the ten-day period provided in this subdivision.
(d)Copy of warrant to be filed and lien to be created.--Any sheriff or officer or employee who receives a warrant under subdivision (c) shall within five days thereafter file a copy with the clerk of the appropriate county. The clerk shall thereupon enter in the judgment docket, in the column for judgment debtors, the name of the taxpayer mentioned in the warrant, and in appropriate columns the tax or other amounts for which the warrant is issued and the date when such copy is filed; and such amount shall thereupon be a binding lien upon the real, personal and other property of the taxpayer.
(e)Judgment.--When a warrant has been filed with the county clerk the administrator shall, on behalf of the city, be deemed to have obtained judgment against the taxpayer for the tax or other amounts.
(f)Execution.--The sheriff or officer or employee shall thereupon proceed upon the judgment in all respects, with like effect, and in the same manner prescribed by law in respect to executions issued against property upon judgments of a court of record, and a sheriff shall be entitled to the same fees for his services in executing the warrant, to be collected in the same manner. An officer or employee of the department, bureau or other agency of the city administering the tax imposed under this local law under the direction and supervision of the administrator may proceed in any county or counties of this state and shall have all the powers of execution conferred by law upon sheriffs, but shall be entitled to no fee or compensation in excess of actual expenses paid in connection with the execution of the warrant.
(g)Taxpayer not then a resident.--Where a notice and demand under subdivision (b) shall have been given to a taxpayer who is not then a resident of this state, and it appears to the administrator that it is not practicable to find in this state property of the taxpayer sufficient to pay the entire balance of tax or other amount owing by such taxpayer who is not then a resident of this state, the administrator may, in accordance with subdivision (c), issue a warrant directed to an officer or employee of the department, bureau or other agency of the city administering the tax imposed under this local law, a copy of which warrant shall be mailed by certified or registered mail to the taxpayer at his last known address, subject to the rules for mailing provided in subdivision (a) of section seventy-one. Such warrant shall command the officer or employee to proceed in the city, and he shall, within five days after receipt of the warrant, file the warrant and obtain a judgment in accordance with this section. Thereupon the administrator may authorize the institution of any action or proceeding to collect or enforce the judgment in any place and by any procedure where and by which a civil judgment of the supreme court of the state of New York could be collected or enforced. The administrator may also, in his discretion, designate agents or retain counsel for the purpose of collecting, outside the state of New York, any unpaid taxes, additions to tax, penalties or interest which have been assessed under this local law against taxpayers who are not then residents of this state, may fix the compensation of such agents and counsel to be paid out of money appropriated or otherwise lawfully available for payment thereof, and may require of them bonds or other security for the faithful performance of their duties, in such form and in such amount as the administrator shall deem proper and sufficient.
(h)Action by the city for recovery of taxes.--Action may be brought by the corporation counsel or other appropriate officer of the city at the insistence of the administrator to recover the amount of any unpaid taxes, additions to tax, penalties or interest which have been assessed under this local law within six years prior to the date the action is commenced.
(i)Release of lien.--The administrator, if he finds that the interests of the city will not thereby be jeopardized, and upon such conditions as he may require, may release any property from the lien of any warrant for unpaid taxes, additions to tax, penalties and interest filed pursuant to this section, and such release may be recorded in the office of any recording officer in which such warrant has been filed.
Section 72 — Collection, levy and liens,
https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/GCT/72 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Dec. 2, 2023).