N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law Section 182.20
Electronic appearance

  • general rule


Notwithstanding any other provision of law and except as provided in section 182.30 of this article, the court, in its discretion, may dispense with the personal appearance of the defendant, except an appearance at a hearing or trial, and conduct an electronic appearance in connection with a criminal action pending in Albany, Bronx, Broome, Erie, Jefferson, Kings, New York, Niagara, Oneida, Onondaga, Ontario, Orange, Orleans, Putnam, Queens, Richmond, Rockland, Saratoga, St. Lawrence, Seneca, Steuben, Tompkins, Chautauqua, Cattaraugus, Clinton, Essex, Montgomery, Rensselaer, Sullivan, Warren, Westchester, Suffolk, Herkimer, Franklin, Chemung, Schuyler, or Yates county, provided that the chief administrator of the courts has authorized the use of electronic appearance and the defendant, after consultation with counsel, consents on the record. Such consent shall be required at the commencement of each electronic appearance to such electronic appearance.


If, for any reason, the court determines on its own motion or on the motion of any party that the conduct of an electronic appearance may impair the legal rights of the defendant, it shall not permit the electronic appearance to proceed. If, for any other articulated reason, either party requests at any time during the electronic appearance that such appearance be terminated, the court shall grant such request and adjourn the proceeding to a date certain. Upon the adjourned date the proceeding shall be recommenced from the point at which the request for termination of the electronic appearance had been granted.


The electronic appearance shall be conducted in accordance with rules issued by the chief administrator of the courts.


When the defendant makes an electronic appearance, the court stenographer shall record any statements in the same manner as if the defendant had made a personal appearance. No electronic recording of any electronic appearance may be made, viewed or inspected except as may be authorized by the rules issued by the chief administrator of the courts. * NB Repealed September 1, 2025

Source: Section 182.20 — Electronic appearance; general rule, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/CPL/182.­20 (updated Sep. 22, 2023; accessed Jun. 22, 2024).

Jun. 22, 2024

Last modified:
Sep. 22, 2023

§ 182.20’s source at nysenate​.gov

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