New York Workers’ Compensation Law
1. Hazardous employments. Compensation shall be payable for injuries or death incurred by employees in the following employments: Group 1. Canning of: Fish Foodstuffs Fruit Vegetables Group 2. Care of: Buildings Grounds Trees Group 3. Construction of: Bridges Buildings Car shops Conduits Curbs Dams Dynamos Electric light and power lines or appliances Electric railways Highways Incline railways Machine shops Manufacturing plants Power plants Railways Sewers Sidewalks Steam plants Steam railways Steel bridges and buildings Street railways Structures of all kinds Subaqueous works Subways Telegraph lines Telephone lines Group 4. Installation of: Boilers Dynamos Electric light and power lines or appliances Elevators Engines, stationary Fire escapes Heating apparatus Lighting apparatus Machinery, heavy Pipes Telephones Group 5. Laying of: Cables Floor coverings Pipes Tiles Wires Group 6. Manufacture of: Acids Adding machines Aeroplanes Agricultural implements Aircraft Alcohol Ammonia Ammunition Anchors Artificial ice or stone Asbestos Asphalt Asphalted paper Automobiles Baby carriages, toy Bags, cloth and paper Barrels Baskets Beds Bedsprings Belting Bicycles Biscuits Blacking or polish for shoes Blankets Boats, small Boilers Bolts Bone articles Boots Boxes Brick Brooms Brushes Butter Buttons Cables Calcium carbide Cameras and supplies Candles Candy Canoes Canvas Caps Cardboard boxes Carpets Carpet sweepers Carriage mountings Carriages Cash registers Castings Cattle foods Celluloid Cement Cereals Charcoal Cheese Cheese boxes Chemical preparations, noncorosive Chemicals Cigarettes Cigars Cloth Clothing Coffins Collars Color Concrete blocks Condiments Confectionery Cordage Corrosive acids or salts Corrugated paper boxes Corsets Crackers Cutlery Dairy products Door screens Doors Drugs Dyes Electric fixtures Elevators Engines, heavy and traction Excelsior Explosives Extracts Fabrics Fabrics, articles from Felt Fertilizers Fibre Films for pictures Firearms Fire-proofing Fixtures, water, gas or electric Foodstuffs Forgings Furnaces Furniture Furs Gas fixtures Gases Gasoline Gelatine Glass Glass products and wares Gloves Glue Gold ware Gun powder Hardware Harness Hats Headings Hemp or manila products Hose, rubber Hosiery Ice, artificial Ice cream Ink Implements, agricultural Instruments Interior woodwork Iron, structural Ivory articles Japans Jewelry Kegs Leather goods and products Light machines Liquors Locomotives Machinery Machines, adding, light and threshing Malt liquors Manila or hemp products Maltesses Mattresses Meat products Meats Medicines Mens clothing Metal articles, beds, instruments, toys, utensils and wares Metal products, sheet Metal, structural Milk products Mineral water Motor vehicles Mouldings Moving picture films and machines Nails Oil Organs Paint Paper Paper boxes Paper, tarred, pitched or asphalted Paste Paving blocks and material Perfumes Petroleum and products thereof Pharmaceutical preparations Photographic cameras and supplies Pianos Pipes Pitched paper Plaster, compounds of Plated ware Polish for shoes Porcelain Pottery Printers rollers Printing ink Pyroxylin and its compounds and plastics Rails Rattan ware Registers, cash Robes Ropes Rubber goods Saddlery Safes Salts, or acids, corrosive Sanitary fixtures Screens, window and door Screws Shades, window Shafting Sheet metal and products thereof Shell articles Shirts Shoddy Shoe blacking or polish Shoes Silver ware Sleighs Soaps Socks Soda water Spices Spirituous, liquors Spokes Stationery Staves Steel, structural Stockings Stone, artificial Stoves Structural steel, iron or metal Sweepers, carpet Tar Tarred paper Terra-cotta Textiles Textiles, articles from Thread Threshing machines Tile Tires, rubber Tobacco and products thereof Toilet preparations Tools Toys, metal and wooden Traction engines Trunks Tubing, metal and rubber Tubs Turpentine Typewriters Umbrellas Utensils Valises Varnish Vats Vehicles Veneer Wagons Wallpaper Water fixtures Waters, mineral or soda Wax White ware Wicker ware Window screens and shades Wine Wire and wire goods Womens clothing Wooden articles Woodwork, interior Yarn Group 7. Operation of: Aeroplanes Air craft Baling machines Barges Boats Boilers, stationary Cables, telegraph Car shops Cars Dynamos Electric light and power lines or appliances Electric railways Electric vehicles, rollers and engines Elevators, freight, passenger and grain Engines, stationary and traction Gas vehicles, rollers and engines Gas wells Gasoline vehicles, rollers and engines Grain elevators Hand trucks Horse drawn vehicles, rollers and engines Incline railways Lighters Machine shops Oil wells Plants, power and other Pressing machines Railways Rollers Ships Stationary engines and boilers Steam plants Steam railways Street railways Telegraph lines Telephone lines Threshing machines Traction engines Transports Trucks Tug boats Vehicles Vessels Wagons Waterworks Group 8. Preparation of: Fish Foodstuffs Fruit Gelatine Meat stuffs Meats Metals Minerals Paste Vegetables Wax Group 9. Removal of: Ashes Awnings Garbage Snow Group 10. Sinking of: Drilled wells Gas wells Oil wells Salt wells Group 11. Storage or handling of: Ammunition Cargoes Corrosive acids or salts Chemicals Explosives Gasoline Gun powder Ice Petroleum Group 12. Work as: Barbers Blacksmiths Carpenters Chauffeurs Domestic workers, other than those employed on farms, employed by the same employer for a minimum of forty hours per week Drivers Furriers Garbage sorters Horseshoers Janitors Jockeys, apprentice jockeys and exercise persons licensed under article two or four of the racing, pari-mutuel wagering and breeding law Life guards Longshoremen Marble workers Masons Movers Sheet metal workers Teamsters Theatrical electricians, flymen, lamp operators, moving picture machiners, property men, stage carpenters and stage hands Group 13. Work at: Awning erection Blasting Bleaching Boiler covering Bookbinding Booming timber or logs Bottling Bricklaying Building, care, maintenance and salvage Cable laying or repair, underground Canning Carpentry Clam cultivating, harvesting, Opening or planting Cleaning clothes, streets, windows, or buildings Concreting Cork cutting Decorating Disinfecting Dredging Dyeing Electrotyping Embossing Engraving Excavation Glazing Grave digging Heating Ice distribution, harvesting or storage Landscape gardening Lighting Lithographing Logging Lumbering Marble cutting Marine wrecking Milling Mining Multigraphing Oyster cultivation, planting, harvesting or opening Ore reduction Painting Papering Paving Photo-engraving Picture hanging Pile driving Pipe covering Plastering Plumbing Printing Rafting Renovating River-driving Road building Roofing Salvaging of buildings or contents Sea food cultivation, harvesting or planting Shaft sinking Ship building Smelting Stereotyping Stone crushing, cutting, dressing, grinding or setting Storage of all kinds and storage for hire Street cleaning or construction Structural carpentry Subaquesous construction Subway construction Tree moving, planting, trimming and surgery Tunneling Undertaking Upholstering Warehousing Well digging or drilling Window cleaning Wrecking, marine Group 14. Work in Abattoirs Bakeries Bark mills Boarding stables Breweries Caissons Clay pits Coal yards Compressed air compartments Dining cars Distilleries Express cars Fish markets Flax mills Foundries Garages Garbage plants Gravel pits Groceries, wholesale Hotels Junk dealers places Knitting factories Laboratories Lath mills Laundries Life-saving stations Lime kilns Livery stables Lumber yards Machine shops Markets, fish, meat, poultry Meat markets Packing houses Paper mills Parlor cars Pickle factories Planing mills Poultry markets Printing plants Pulp mills Quarries Restaurants and Grills Rolling mills Sales stables Sand pits Sash and door factories Saw mills Sewage disposal plants Shale pits Shingle mills Sleeping cars Spinning manufactories Stables, livery, boarding or sales Storage warehouses Sugar refineries Tanneries Weaving manufactories Wholesale groceries Group 14-a. On and after January first, nineteen hundred sixty-two, any other employment in a trade, business, or occupation carried on by the employer for pecuniary gain in which one or more employees other than farm laborers are employed. Group 14-b. Employment as a farm laborer as provided herein. A farmer shall provide coverage under this chapter for all farm laborers employed during any part of the twelve consecutive months beginning April first of any calendar year preceded by a calendar year in which the cash remuneration paid to all farm laborers aggregated twelve hundred dollars or more. Group 15. Employment as a keeper, guard, resident physician, nurse, interne, resident interne, assistant resident interne or orderly in a prison reformatory, hospital for the mentally ill or hospital maintained or operated by a municipal corporation or other subdivision of the state, notwithstanding the definitions of the terms "employment," "employer" or "employee" in subdivisions three, four and five of section two of this chapter. Group 15-a. Employment as a county fire coordinator or as a deputy county fire coordinator pursuant to section two hundred twenty-five-a or section four hundred one of the county law, notwithstanding the definitions of the terms "employer", "employee" or "employment" in subdivisions three, four and five of section two of this chapter. The terms "county fire coordinator" and "deputy county fire coordinator," as used in this group, shall include any county official who is not appointed pursuant to the provisions of section two hundred twenty-five-a of the county law, but is appointed pursuant to the provisions of a special law, a county charter or a county local law and who is authorized or required to perform in the county the duties which are similar to those of a county fire coordinator or deputy county fire coordinator under such section of the county law and sections eight hundred seven-a and eight hundred seven-b of the education law. Group 16. Any employment by the state, including the employment of all elected and appointed public officers, notwithstanding the definitions of the terms "employment," "employer" or "employee," in subdivisions three, four and five of section two of this chapter; but work as a civil defense volunteer under the provisions of the state defense emergency act shall not be deemed employment by the state. An employee engaged in any employment herein whose wages are paid by a municipal corporation or other subdivision of the state or by an employer other than the state shall be deemed an employee of such municipal corporation or other political subdivision of the state or such employer other than the state for the purposes of this chapter. The head of any department of the state government may, with the prior written approval of the director of the budget, accept or approve the acceptance by any bureau, agency or other unit within said department of the services of a volunteer worker without salary, and such a volunteer worker shall be deemed to be an employee in the employment of the state in the unclassified service for the purpose of this chapter. Group 17. Any employment carried on by a municipal corporation or other subdivision of the state and enumerated in the foregoing groups one to fourteen, inclusive, and on and after July first, nineteen hundred fifty-one, other such employment to the extent of authorized services related to civil defense and performed by employees in the course of employment or in relation thereto; and the sheriff and undersheriff of any county and the duly appointed regular deputies of the sheriff, notwithstanding the definition of the term "employment" in subdivision five of section two of this chapter; but employment in the department of sanitation of the city of New York in the sanitation service classification of the classified civil service of such city shall not be within the coverage of this chapter. The activities of civil defense volunteers who are auxiliary firemen and members of rescue squads in authorized services while undergoing training or practice sponsored or authorized by a local office of civil defense, as defined in the state defense emergency act, and on and after July first, nineteen hundred fifty-three, the activities of all civil defense volunteers who are personnel of such local office of civil defense in authorized services during authorized participation in training and practice exercises held at the direction of or designated as state training and practice exercises by the state civil defense commission pursuant to the provisions of section twenty-one, subdivision three-f of the state defense emergency act, are hazardous employments carried on by the municipal corporation or other subdivision of the state that created the local office under the state defense emergency act and such members of an auxiliary police organization located in a municipal corporation which elected to include such persons within the definition of "employee" as authorized by subdivision four of section two of this chapter shall be deemed employees of the municipal corporation authorizing their services, and such members of rescue squads, auxiliary firemen, and civil defense volunteers shall be deemed employees of the municipal corporation or other subdivision of the state for purposes of this chapter, provided, however, that each such municipal corporation or other subdivision of the state or insurance carrier shall in the first instance pay all awards of workers compensation, including medical benefits, provided by this chapter; and such municipal corporation or other subdivision of the state or insurance carrier shall be reimbursed by the comptroller of the state of New York, periodically every six months, on vouchers certified by the state civil defense commission, for one-half of all workers compensation benefits, including both cash and medical benefits, paid pursuant to awards of the board, to the extent not previously reimbursed, paid for injury or death of a civil defense volunteer caused by an accident that arose out of and in the course of any such training and practice exercise, held on and after July first, nineteen hundred fifty-three, at the direction of or designated as a state training and practice exercise by the state civil defense commission pursuant to the provisions of section twenty-one, subdivision three-f of the state defense emergency act. A town shall not be deemed to be the employer of the officers and employees of a fire district and shall not be liable for payment of compensation to such officers or employees under any provision of this chapter. A social services official, as defined in subdivision fourteen of section two of the social services law, may accept or approve the services of volunteer workers without salary, in accordance with the regulations of the state department of social services, and such a voluntary worker shall be deemed to be an employee of the social services district in the unclassified service for the purpose of this chapter. Group 18. All other employments, except persons engaged in a teaching or nonmanual capacity in or for a religious, charitable or educational institution, notwithstanding the definition of employment in subdivision five of section two, not hereinbefore enumerated, carried on by any person, firm or corporation in which there are engaged or employed one or more employees regularly, in the same business or in or about the same establishment either upon the premises or at the plant or away from the plant of the employer, under any contract of hire, express or implied, oral or written, except farm laborers and domestics other than those within the coverage of this chapter pursuant to groups fourteen-b and twelve respectively of this subdivision, unless the employer has elected to bring such employees under the law by securing compensation in accordance with the terms of section fifty of this chapter and persons engaged in voluntary service not under contract of hire. A duly ordained, commissioned or licensed minister, priest or rabbi, a sexton, a christian science reader, or a member of a religious order, shall not be deemed to be employed or engaged in employment under the terms of this section. Recipients of charitable aid from a religious or charitable institution who perform work in or for the institution which is incidental to or in return for the aid conferred, and not under any express contract of hire, shall not be deemed to be employed or engaged in employment under the terms of this section. All persons who are members of a supervised amateur athletic activity operated on a non-profit basis shall not be deemed to be employed or engaged in employment under the terms of this section, provided that said members are not also otherwise engaged or employed by any person, firm or corporation participating in said athletic activity. The terms "religious, charitable or educational institution" mean a corporation, unincorporated association, community chest, fund or foundation organized and operated exclusively for religious, charitable or educational purposes, no part of the net earnings of which inure to the benefit of any private shareholder or individual. Group 19. An employer may bring an employment that is not listed in this section within the coverage of this chapter by securing compensation to his employee or employees engaged in such employment in accordance with section fifty of this chapter. Any municipal corporation or other political subdivision of the state may bring its employees or officers, elective or appointed or otherwise, not enumerated in groups one to seventeen of subdivision one of this section inclusive, of this chapter within the coverage of this chapter by appropriate action of the legislative or governmental body of the municipal corporation or political subdivision, notwithstanding the definitions of the terms "employment," "employer" or "employee" in subdivisions three, four and five of section two of this chapter; and by separate and distinct action of said legislative or governmental body may bring within the coverage of this chapter any group, as defined by order of the New York state civil defense commission, of civil defense volunteers not enumerated in group seventeen of subdivision one of this section, who are personnel of a volunteer agency of the local office of such municipal corporation or other political subdivision, as defined in the state defense emergency act, as to their authorized civil defense services to the extent not covered under article ten of this chapter. Where one or more groups of such civil defense volunteers of a county office of civil defense are not brought within the coverage of this chapter by the county, a town or a village in such county or a city participating in the consolidated county office of civil defense of such county may, by separate and distinct action of its legislative or governmental body, bring the members of such group or groups of duly enrolled civil defense volunteers who are residents of and are enrolled from such town, village or city within the coverage of this chapter during any period when the county has not so provided; however, whenever a county brings one or more groups of its civil defense volunteers within the coverage of this chapter, such other coverage of members of such group or groups by the town, village or city shall be deemed terminated to the extent and as of the date coverage is afforded by the county. A village may not provide such coverage during any period coverage is provided by a town in which the village is located, except where there is a deputy director of civil defense for a village not wholly within one town. A public or not-for-profit corporation, association, institution or agency organized as an unincorporated association or duly incorporated under the laws of this state shall be deemed to be an employer of persons who are performing services for it pursuant to paragraphs (h) and (i) of subdivision two of section 65.10 of the penal law in fulfillment of a sentence of probation or of conditional discharge and of persons performing such services pursuant to the provisions of section 170.55 or 170.56 of the criminal procedure law, and such persons shall for the purposes of this chapter be deemed to be employees for the public or not-for-profit corporation, association, institution or agency. Said employer may elect to bring such employees within the coverage of this chapter by securing compensation in accordance with the terms of section fifty of this chapter. Group 20. In a city having a population of one million or more, teachers, regular or substitute, of shop work, manual training, industrial or trade subjects, mechanic arts, textiles, machine shop assistants, laboratory assistants, laboratory specialists, laboratory technicians, and teachers of any subject, trade, or employment requiring, for instruction purposes, use of tools or machinery for which protective, guarding or safety devices are required by the labor law, may elect to receive the benefits prescribed by this chapter provided they are not qualified to receive benefits even if eligible to apply for retirement under the teachers retirement system in said city. An election to come within this chapter shall constitute a waiver of any right to receive absence refunds from the board of education of said city. But a teacher shall, if incapacitated to teach by reason of his injuries, be entitled to the refund of his accumulated deductions in the teachers retirement system or in lieu thereof he may elect to receive an annuity which shall be the actuarial equivalent of said accumulated deductions. Any election or choice provided for herein may be made for the teacher by one acting in the teachers behalf if said teacher is incapacitated to act for himself. Group 20-a. For the purposes of this chapter, the work of any person employed as a school aide by school authorities of any school district, notwithstanding the definitions of the terms "employer," "employee" or "employment" in subdivisions three, four and five of section two of this chapter. Group 20-b. For the purposes of this chapter, the work of any person employed in a nonpedagogical capacity by school authorities within a city having a population of one million or more, notwithstanding the definitions of the terms "employer", "employee" or "employment" in subdivisions three, four and five of section two of this chapter. Group 21. For the purposes of this chapter, on and after January first, nineteen hundred sixty-two, the work of a newspaper carrier as defined in section thirty-two hundred twenty-eight of the education law for an employer of one or more employees as defined in subdivisions three and four of section two of this chapter. Group 22. Employment as a teacher in a public school or place of instruction maintained or operated by a board of education or trustees of a school district, other than a school district located in a city having a population of more than one million, notwithstanding the definitions of the terms "employment," "employer" or "employee" in subdivisions three, four and five of section two of this chapter. Group 23. For the purposes of this chapter, the work of any person employed to direct vehicular traffic at any street crossing or highway intersection crossed by pupils in going to and returning from any school in this state, whose chief duty primarily is to guard the life and safety of such pupils. Group 24. For the purposes of this chapter, employment of any person appointed by the board of water supply of the city of New York pursuant to the provisions of section K51-36.0 of the administrative code of the city of New York, notwithstanding the definitions of the terms "employment", "employer", or "employee", in subdivisions three, four and five of section two of this chapter.
2. Occupational diseases. Compensation shall be payable for disabilities sustained or death incurred by an employee resulting from the following occupational diseases: COLUMN ONE COLUMN TWO Description of Diseases Description of Process 1. Anthrax.
1. Handling of wool, hair, bristles, hides or skins.
2. Lead poisoning or its 2. Any process involving the sequelae. use of or direct contact with lead or its prepar- ations or compounds.
3. Zinc poisoning or its 3. Any process involving the sequelae. use of or direct contact with zinc or its prepar- ations or compounds or alloys.
4. Mercury poisoning or 4. Any process involving the its sequelae. use of or direct contact with mercury or its preparations or compounds.
5. Phosphorus poisoning or 5. Any process involving the its sequelae. use of or direct contact with phosphorous or its preparations or compounds.
6. Arsenic poisoning or 6. Any process involving the use its sequelae. of or direct contact with arsenic or its preparations or compounds.
7. Poisoning by wood 7. Any process involving the use alcohol. of wood alcohol or any preparation containing wood alcohol.
8. Poisoning by benzol or 8. Any process involving the use nitro-, hydro-, of or direct contact with hydroxy- and amido- benzol or nitro-, hydro-, derivatives of benzene hydroxy-, or amido- (dinitro-benzol, anilin, derivatives of benzene or and others), or its its preparations or compounds. sequelae.
9. Poisoning by carbon 9. Any process involving bisulphide or its the use of or direct contact sequelae, or any with carbon bisulphide or sulphide. its preparations or com- pounds, or any sulphide.
10. Poisoning by nitrous 10. Any process in which fumes or its sequelae. nitrous fumes are evolved.
11. Poisoning by nickel 11. Any process in which nickel carbonyl or its carbonyl is evolved. sequelae.
12. Dope poisoning 12. Any process involving the (poisoning by use of or direct contact tetrachlor-methane or with any substance used any substance used as as or in conjunction with or in conjunction with a solvent for acetate of a solvent for acetate cellulose or nitro of cellulose or nitro cellulose. cellulose, or its sequelae.
13. Poisoning by 13. Any process involving the formaldehyde and its use of or direct contact preparations. with formaldehyde and its preparations.
14. Chrome ulceration 14. Any process involving the or its sequelae or use of or direct contact chrome poisoning. with chromic acid or bychromate of ammonium, potassium or sodium, or their preparations.
15. Epitheliomatous cancer 15. Handling or use of tar, or ulceration of the pitch, bitumen, mineral skin or of the corneal oil, or paraffin or any surface of the eye, compound, product or due to tar, pitch, residue of any of these bitumen, mineral oil, substances. or paraffin, or any compound, product or residue of any of these substances.
16. Care or handling of any equine animal or the carcass of any such animal.
17. Compressed air 17. Any process carried on illness or its in compressed air. sequelae.
18. Miners diseases, 18. Any process involving including only mining. cellulitis, bursitis, ankylostomiasis, tenosynovitis and nystagmus.
19. Cataract in 19. Processes in the manufacture glassworkers. of glass involving exposure to the glare of molten glass.
20. Radium poisoning or 20. Any process involving the disability due to use of or direct contact radio-active pro- with radium or radio-active perties of sub- substance or the use of or stances or to direct exposure to Roentgen Roentgen rays rays (X-rays) or ionizing (X-rays) or exposure radiation. to ionizing radiation.
21. Methyl chloride 21. Any process involving the poisoning. use of or direct contact with methyl chloride or its preparations or compounds.
22. Carbon monoxide 22. Any process involving direct poisoning. exposure to carbon monoxide in buildings, sheds or enclosed places.
23. Poisoning by sulphuric, 23. Any process involving the use hydro-chloric or of or direct contact with hydro-fluoric acid. sulphuric, hydrochloric or hydrofluoric acids or their fumes.
24. Respiratory, 24. Any process involving the gastro-intestinal use of or direct contact or physiological with petroleum or petroleum nerve and eye dis- products and their fumes. orders due to con- tact with petroleum products and their fumes.
25. Disability arising 25. Any process involving from blisters or continuous friction, abrasions. rubbing or vibration causing blisters or abrasions.
26. Disability arising 26. Any process involving from bursitis or continuous rubbing, pre- synovitis. sure or vibration of the parts affected.
27. Dermatitis 27. Any process involving the (venenata). use of or direct contact with acids, alkalies, acids or oil, or with brick, cement, lime, concrete or mortar capable of causing dermatitis (venenata).
28. Any process involving exposure to raw cotton.
29. Silicosis or other 29. Any process involving ex- dust diseases. posure to silica or other harmful dust.
30. Any and all 30. Any and all employments occupational diseases. enumerated in subdivision one of section three of this chapter. Nothing in paragraph thirty of this subdivision shall be construed to apply to any disability or death due to any disease described in paragraph twenty-nine of this subdivision.