N.Y. Labor Law Section 230

As used in this article:


“Building service employee” or “employee” means any person performing work in connection with the care or maintenance of an existing building, or in connection with the transportation of office furniture or equipment to or from such building, or in connection with the transportation and delivery of fossil fuel to such building, for a contractor under a contract with a public agency which is in excess of one thousand five hundred dollars and the principal purpose of which is to furnish services through the use of building service employees. “Building service employee” or “employee” includes, but is not limited, to, watchman, guard, doorman, building cleaner, porter, handyman, janitor, gardener, groundskeeper, stationary fireman, elevator operator and starter, window cleaner, and occupations relating to the collection of garbage or refuse, and to the transportation of office furniture and equipment, and to the transportation and delivery of fossil fuel but does not include clerical, sales, professional, technician and related occupations. “Building service employee” or “employee” also does not include any employee to whom the provisions of articles eight and eight-a of this chapter are applicable.


“Building service work” or “service work” means work performed by a building service employee, but does not include work performed for a contractor under a contract for the furnishing of services by radio, telephone, telegraph or cable companies; and any contract for public utility services, including electric light and power, water, steam and gas.


“Public agency” means the state, any of its political subdivisions, a public benefit corporation, a public authority or commission or special purpose district board appointed pursuant to law, and a board of education.


“Contractor” means any employer who employs employees to perform building service work under a contract with a public agency and shall include any of the contractor’s subcontractors.


“Wage” includes:


basic hourly cash rate of pay; and


supplements. The term “supplements” means fringe benefits including medical or hospital care, pensions on retirement or death, compensation for injuries or illness resulting from occupational activity, or insurance to provide any of the foregoing, unemployment benefits, life insurance, disability and sickness insurance, accident insurance, vacation and holiday pay, costs of apprenticeship or other similar programs and other bona fide fringe benefits not otherwise required by federal, state or local law to be provided by the contractor or subcontractor.


“Prevailing wage” means the wage determined by the fiscal officer to be prevailing for the various classes of building service employees in the locality. In no event shall the basic hourly cash rate of pay be less than the statutory minimum wage established by article 19 (Minimum Wage Act)article nineteen of this chapter, or, in a city with a local law requiring a higher minimum wage on city contract work, less than the minimum wage specified in such local law.


“Locality” means the state, a town, city, village or other civil division or area of the state as determined by the fiscal officer. The fiscal officer may fix a different geographic area in determining the locality for the prevailing basic hourly cash rate of pay and the locality for prevailing supplements.


“Fiscal officer” means the industrial commissioner, except for building service work performed by or on behalf of a city, in which case “fiscal officer” means the comptroller or other analogous officer of such city.


“Fossil fuel” shall mean coal, petroleum products and fuel gases. “Coal” shall include bituminous coal, anthracite coal and lignite. “Fuel gases” shall include but not be limited to methane, natural gas, liquefied natural gas and manufactured fuel gases. “Petroleum products” shall include all products refined or rerefined from synthetic or crude oil or oil extracted from other sources, including natural gas liquids. Provided that nothing in this subdivision shall affect the exclusion for public utility services set forth in subdivision two of this section.


“Substantially-owned affiliated entity” shall mean the parent company of the contractor or subcontractor, any subsidiary of the contractor or subcontractor, or any entity in which the parent of the contractor or subcontractor owns more than fifty percent of the voting stock, or an entity in which one or more of the top five shareholders of the contractor or subcontractor individually or collectively also owns a controlling share of the voting stock, or an entity which exhibits any other indicia of control over the contractor or subcontractor or over which the contractor or subcontractor exhibits control, regardless of whether or not the controlling party or parties have any identifiable or documented ownership interest. Such indicia shall include: power or responsibility over employment decisions, access to and/or use of the relevant entity’s assets or equipment, power or responsibility over contracts of the entity, responsibility for maintenance or submission of certified payroll records, and influence over the business decisions of the relevant entity.


“Entity” shall mean a partnership, association, joint venture, company, sole proprietorship, corporation or any other form of doing business.


“Parent company” shall mean an entity that directly controls the contractor or subcontractor.


“Subsidiary” shall mean an entity that is controlled directly, or indirectly through one or more intermediaries, by a contractor or subcontractor or the contractor’s parent company.


“Successor” shall mean an entity engaged in work substantially similar to that of the predecessor, where there is substantial continuity of operation with that of the predecessor.

Source: Section 230 — Definitions, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/LAB/230 (updated Jul. 30, 2021; accessed Jun. 8, 2024).

Jun. 8, 2024

Last modified:
Jul. 30, 2021

§ 230’s source at nysenate​.gov

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