General Business Law Section 44
Memorandum to be given
1.Every such collateral loan broker shall at the time of each loan deliver to the person pawning or pledging any goods, article or thing, a memorandum or note signed by him containing the substance of the entry required to be made in his book by the last preceding section. Notwithstanding any general or special statutes, local laws and ordinances to the contrary, no collateral loan broker shall ask, demand or receive a service charge greater than ten dollars for loans equal to or greater than five hundred dollars, or seven dollars for loans equal to or greater than one hundred dollars but less than five hundred dollars for any such memorandum or note, provided that for loans less than one hundred dollars a service charge not greater than four dollars may be imposed. The holder of such memorandum or note shall be presumed to be the person entitled to redeem the pledge and the collateral loan broker shall deliver such article to the person so presenting such memorandum or note on payment of principal and interest. Should such ticket be lost or mislaid the pawnor shall at once apply to the collateral loan broker, in which case it shall be the duty of the collateral loan broker to permit such person to examine his books, and on finding the entry for said ticket, note or memorandum so lost and upon his giving to the collateral loan broker an exact description of the article pawned the collateral loan broker shall issue a second or stop ticket for the same, provided such person shall furnish to the collateral loan broker a lost instrument bond in an amount equal to the fair market value of the pledge or, in the alternative, pay a lost ticket charge of one percent of the amount of the loan, or five dollars, whichever is greater. In case such pawnor neglects to so apply and examine said books and receive such memorandum or note in the manner above stated, the collateral loan broker will be bound to deliver the pledge to any person producing such ticket for the redemption thereof. This article is not to be construed as in any manner limiting or affecting such collateral loan broker’s common law liability in cases where goods are stolen or other legal defects of title exist in the pledgor.
2.In addition to the information required to be furnished pursuant to subdivision one of this section a pawn ticket shall contain the following notice: NOTICE OF ELECTION (a) The holder of this ticket may redeem the article pledged at any time prior to sale at private sale or public auction first following default. The article pledged may not be sold at private sale or auction until it has remained four months in the collateral loan broker’s possession.
(b)If the article pledged is sold at private sale or public auction, money, if any, in excess of the amount of the loan, interest, lawful auctioneer’s commission, if applicable, lawful extra care charges and the expenses of the advertisement of sale, if applicable, shall be paid to the holder of the pawn ticket.
(c)If the collateral loan broker shall purchase the article pledged at auction the holder shall have an additional ten days to redeem the article pledged by paying to the collateral loan broker the amount of the loan, interest, lawful auctioneer’s commission, lawful extra care charges and the expense of the advertisement of sale.
(d)A holder may sell this ticket to a third party at any time prior to private sale or auction, or he may sell this ticket to the collateral loan broker any time ninety or more days after the article was pledged.
(e)If this ticket is sold to a collateral loan broker the holder may redeem the ticket within ten days after the sale by paying to the collateral loan broker the amount paid for the ticket.
3.Notwithstanding any general, special or local law or ordinance to the contrary, if a collateral loan broker in good faith and without knowledge extends credit on a loan, the collateral for which was entrusted to the pledgor on consignment or was entrusted by a merchant dealing in goods of the kind pledged to the pledgor who was a merchant dealing in goods of the kind pledged, the collateral loan broker shall be required to relinquish the collateral to the legal owner provided the amount of the loan and interest due is paid.
Section 44 — Memorandum to be given,
https://www.nysenate.gov/legislation/laws/GBS/44 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Dec. 2, 2023).