N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law Section 520.20
Bail and bail bonds

  • posting of bail bond and justifying affidavits
  • form and contents thereof


(a) Except as provided in paragraph (b) when a bail bond is to be posted in satisfaction of bail, the obligor or obligors must submit to the court a bail bond in the amount fixed, executed in the form prescribed in subdivision two, accompanied by a justifying affidavit of each obligor, executed in the form prescribed in subdivision four.


When a bail bond is to be posted in satisfaction of bail fixed for a defendant charged by information or simplified information or prosecutor’s information with one or more traffic infractions and no other offense, the defendant may submit to the court, with the consent of the court, an insurance company bail bond covering the amount fixed, executed in a form prescribed by the superintendent of financial services.


Except as provided in paragraph (b) of subdivision one, a bail bond must be subscribed and sworn to by each obligor and must state:


The name, residential address and occupation of each obligor; and


The title of the criminal action or proceeding involved; and


The offense or offenses which are the subjects of the action or proceeding involved, and the status of such action or proceeding; and


The name of the principal and the nature of his involvement in or connection with such action or proceeding; and


That the obligor, or the obligors jointly and severally, undertake that the principal will appear in such action or proceeding whenever required and will at all times render himself amenable to the orders and processes of the court; and


That in the event that the principal does not comply with any such requirement, order or process, such obligor or obligors will pay to the people of the state of New York a designated sum of money fixed by the court.


A bail bond posted in the course of a criminal action is effective and binding upon the obligor or obligors until the imposition of sentence or other termination of the action, regardless of whether the action is dismissed in the local criminal court after an indictment on the same charge or charges by a superior court, and regardless of whether such action is partially conducted or prosecuted in a court or courts other than the one in which the action was pending when such bond was posted, unless prior to such termination such order of bail is vacated or revoked or the principal is surrendered, or unless the terms of such bond expressly limit its effectiveness to a lesser period; provided, however, the effectiveness of such bond may only be limited to a lesser period if the obligor or obligors submit notice of the limitation to the court and the district attorney not less than fourteen days before effectiveness ends.


A justifying affidavit must be subscribed and sworn to by the obligor-affiant and must state his name, residential address and occupation. Depending upon the kind of bail bond which it justifies, such affidavit must contain further statements as follows:


An affidavit justifying an insurance company bail bond must state:


The amount of the premium paid to the obligor; and


All security and all promises of indemnity received by the surety-obligor in connection with its execution of the bond, and the name, occupation and residential and business addresses of every person who has given any such indemnifying security or promise. An action by the surety-obligor against an indemnitor, seeking retention of security deposited by the latter with the former or enforcement of any indemnity agreement of a kind described in this sub-paragraph, will not lie except with respect to agreements and security specified in the justifying affidavit.


An affidavit justifying a secured bail bond must state every item of personal property deposited and of real property pledged as security, the value of each such item, and the nature and amount of every lien or encumbrance thereon.


An affidavit justifying a partially secured bail bond or an unsecured bail bond must state the place and nature of the obligor-affiant’s business or employment, the length of time he has been engaged therein, his income during the past year, and his average income over the past five years.

Source: Section 520.20 — Bail and bail bonds; posting of bail bond and justifying affidavits; form and contents thereof, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/CPL/520.­20 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Dec. 2, 2023).

Dec. 2, 2023

Last modified:
Sep. 22, 2014

§ 520.20’s source at nysenate​.gov

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