N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law Section 320.20
Non-jury trial

  • nature and conduct thereof


A non-jury trial of an indictment must be conducted by one judge of the superior court in which the indictment is pending.


The court, in addition to determining all questions of law, is the execlusive trier of all issues of fact and must render a verdict.


The order of the trial must be as follows:


The court must permit the parties to deliver opening addresses in the order provided for a trial by jury pursuant to section 260.30.


The order in which evidence must or may be offered by the respective parties is the same as that applicable to a jury trial of an indictment as prescribed in subdivisions five, six and seven of section 260.30.


The court must permit the parties to deliver summations in the order provided for a trial by jury pursuant to section 260.30.


The court must then consider the case and render a verdict.


The provisions governing motion practice and general procedure with respect to a jury trial are, wherever appropriate, applicable to a non-jury trial.


Before considering a multiple count indictment for the purpose of rendering a verdict thereon, and before the summations if there be any, the court must designate and state upon the record the counts upon which it will render a verdict and the particular defendant or defendants, if there be more than one, with respect to whom it will render a verdict upon any particular count. In determining what counts, offenses and defendants must be considered by it and covered by its verdict, and the form of the verdict in general, the court must be governed, so far as appropriate and practicable, by the provisions of article three hundred governing the court’s submission of counts and offenses to a jury upon a jury trial.

Source: Section 320.20 — Non-jury trial; nature and conduct thereof, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/CPL/320.­20 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Nov. 25, 2023).

Nov. 25, 2023

Last modified:
Sep. 22, 2014

§ 320.20’s source at nysenate​.gov

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