N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law Section 310.10
Jury deliberation

  • requirement of
  • where conducted


Following the court’s charge, except as otherwise provided by subdivision two of this section, the jury must retire to deliberate upon its verdict in a place outside the courtroom. It must be provided with suitable accommodations therefor and must, except as otherwise provided in subdivision two of this section, be continuously kept together under the supervision of a court officer or court officers. In the event such court officer or court officers are not available, the jury shall be under the supervision of an appropriate public servant or public servants. Except when so authorized by the court or when performing administerial duties with respect to the jurors, such court officers or public servants, as the case may be, may not speak to or communicate with them or permit any other person to do so.


At any time after the jury has been charged or commenced its deliberations, and after notice to the parties and affording such parties an opportunity to be heard on the record outside of the presence of the jury, the court may declare the deliberations to be in recess and may thereupon direct the jury to suspend its deliberations and to separate for a reasonable period of time to be specified by the court, not lasting beyond close of business on the second day following such recess or, for good cause shown, beyond close of business on the third day following recess of jury deliberations unless the defendant consents to a longer period of suspension and separation. For the purposes of this section, where a day referred to in this subdivision falls on a Saturday, Sunday or holiday, such day shall mean the next day thereafter during which the courthouse is open for the conduct of trials. Before each recess, the court must admonish the jury as provided in section 270.40 of this title and direct it not to resume its deliberations until all twelve jurors have reassembled in the designated place at the termination of the declared recess.

Source: Section 310.10 — Jury deliberation; requirement of; where conducted, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/CPL/310.­10 (updated Nov. 29, 2019; accessed Jun. 15, 2024).

Jun. 15, 2024

Last modified:
Nov. 29, 2019

§ 310.10’s source at nysenate​.gov

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