N.Y. Criminal Procedure Law Section 185.10
Definition of terms

As used in this article:


“Independent audio-visual system” shall mean an electronic system for the transmission and receiving of audio and visual signals, encompassing encoded signals, frequency domain multiplexing or other suitable means to preclude the unauthorized reception and decoding of the signals by commercially available television receivers, channel converters, or other available receiving devices.


“Electronic arraignment” means an arraignment in which various participants, including the defendant, are not personally present in the court but in which all of the participants are simultaneously able to see and hear reproductions of the voices and images of the judge, counsels, defendant, police officer and any other appropriate participant, by means of an independent audio-visual system. * NB Expired September 1, 1983

Source: Section 185.10 — Definition of terms, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/CPL/185.­10 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Nov. 25, 2023).

Nov. 25, 2023

Last modified:
Sep. 22, 2014

§ 185.10’s source at nysenate​.gov

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