New York Agriculture & Markets Law
1. “Farmers’ market” shall mean any building, structure or place, the property of a municipal corporation or under lease to or in possession of a public or private agency, individual or business used or intended to be used by two or more producers for the direct sale of a diversity of farm and food products, as defined in subdivision four of this section, from producers to consumers and food buyers. Such market may also include facilities for the packing, shipping, first-instance processing or storage of farm and food products, and shall include all equipment used or intended to be used in connection with such facilities. Such market may also include other businesses which reasonably serve the public or make the market more convenient, efficient, profitable or successful, including, but not limited to, food service, baking, and non-food retailing.
2. “Public market” shall mean any building, structure or place, operated on a not-for-profit basis in the public interest for the buying, selling or keeping for sale of farm and food products at retail and/or wholesale, and may include a farmers’ market.
3. “Producer” shall mean any person or persons who grow, produce, or cause to be grown or produced any farm or food products in New York state.
4. “Farm and food product” shall mean any agricultural, horticultural, forest, or other product of the soil or water, including but not limited to, fruits, vegetables, eggs, dairy products, meat and meat products, poultry and poultry products, fish and fish products, grain and grain products, honey, nuts, preserves, maple sap products, apple cider, fruit juice, wine, ornamental or vegetable plants, nursery products, flowers, firewood and Christmas trees.
5. “First-instance processing” shall mean the washing, grading and packaging of farm and food products in connection with a farmers’ market.
6. “Storage” shall mean a facility or equipment with a refrigerated, controlled atmosphere, or other enclosed unit used for the purpose of long-term storage of farm and food products in connection with a farmers’ market.
7. “Public or private agency” shall mean any agency of federal, state or local government, regional market authority, public benefit corporation, not-for-profit corporation, cooperative corporation or educational institution.
8. “Rural area” shall mean a town having a population density of less than one hundred fifty persons per square mile or a county having a population of two hundred thousand or less as reflected in the latest federal census.
9. “Food desert” shall mean an area with limited access to affordable and nutritious food, particularly such an area that is composed of predominately lower-income neighborhoods and communities.