N.Y. Civil Practice Law & Rules Section 3123
Admissions as to matters of fact, papers, documents and photographs


(a)

Notice to admit; admission unless denied or denial excused. At any time after service of the answer or after the expiration of twenty days from service of the summons, whichever is sooner, and not later than twenty days before the trial, a party may serve upon any other party a written request for admission by the latter of the genuineness of any papers or documents, or the correctness or fairness of representation of any photographs, described in and served with the request, or of the truth of any matters of fact set forth in the request, as to which the party requesting the admission reasonably believes there can be no substantial dispute at the trial and which are within the knowledge of such other party or can be ascertained by him upon reasonable inquiry. Copies of the papers, documents or photographs shall be served with the request unless copies have already been furnished. Each of the matters of which an admission is requested shall be deemed admitted unless within twenty days after service thereof or within such further time as the court may allow, the party to whom the request is directed serves upon the party requesting the admission a sworn statement either denying specifically the matters of which an admission is requested or setting forth in detail the reasons why he cannot truthfully either admit or deny those matters. If the matters of which an admission is requested cannot be fairly admitted without some material qualification or explanation, or if the matters constitute a trade secret or such party would be privileged or disqualified from testifying as a witness concerning them, such party may, in lieu of a denial or statement, serve a sworn statement setting forth in detail his claim and, if the claim is that the matters cannot be fairly admitted without some material qualification or explanation, admitting the matters with such qualification or explanation.

(b)

Effect of admission. Any admission made, or deemed to be made, by a party pursuant to a request made under this rule is for the purpose of the pending action only and does not constitute an admission by him for any other purpose nor may it be used against him in any other proceeding; and the court, at any time, may allow a party to amend or withdraw any admission on such terms as may be just. Any admission shall be subject to all pertinent objections to admissibility which may be interposed at the trial.

(c)

Penalty for unreasonable denial. If a party, after being served with a request under subdivision (a) does not admit and if the party requesting the admission thereafter proves the genuineness of any such paper or document, or the correctness or fairness of representation of any such photograph, or the truth of any such matter of fact, he may move at or immediately following the trial for an order requiring the other party to pay him the reasonable expenses incurred in making such proof, including reasonable attorney’s fees. Unless the court finds that there were good reasons for the denial or the refusal otherwise to admit or that the admissions sought were of no substantial importance, the order shall be made irrespective of the result of the action. Upon a trial by jury, the motion for such an order shall be determined by the court outside the presence of the jury.

Source: Section 3123 — Admissions as to matters of fact, papers, documents and photographs, https://www.­nysenate.­gov/legislation/laws/CVP/3123 (updated Sep. 22, 2014; accessed Jun. 22, 2024).

3101
Scope of disclosure
3102
Method of obtaining disclosure
3103
Protective orders
3104
Supervision of disclosure
3105
Notice to party in default
3106
Priority of depositions
3107
Notice of taking oral questions
3108
Written questions
3109
Notice of taking deposition on written questions
3110
Where the deposition is to be taken within the state
3111
Production of things at the examination
3112
Errors in notice for taking depositions
3113
Conduct of the examination
3114
Examination of witness who does not understand the English language
3115
Objections to qualification of person taking deposition
3116
Signing deposition
3117
Use of depositions
3118
Demand for address of party or of person who possessed an assigned cause of action or defense
3119
Uniform interstate depositions and discovery
3120
Discovery and production of documents and things for inspection, testing, copying or photographing
3121
Physical or mental examination
3122
Objection to disclosure, inspection or examination
3122‑A
Certification of business records
3122‑B
Certification of insurance disclosure
3123
Admissions as to matters of fact, papers, documents and photographs
3124
Failure to disclose
3125
Place where motion to compel disclosure made
3126
Penalties for refusal to comply with order or to disclose
3130
Use of interrogatories
3131
Scope of interrogatories
3132
Service of interrogatories
3133
Service of answers or objections to interrogatories
3140
Disclosure of appraisals in proceedings for condemnation, appropriation or review of tax assessments

Accessed:
Jun. 22, 2024

Last modified:
Sep. 22, 2014

§ 3123’s source at nysenate​.gov

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