New York Agriculture & Markets Law
Sec. § 174
Keeping of Diseased and Banned Bees Prohibited; Existence of Disease to Be Reported


174. Keeping of diseased and banned bees prohibited; existence of disease to be reported.

1.

No person shall keep in his possession or under his care any colony of bees affected with a contagious or infectious disease or infested by insects or parasitic organisms adversely affecting bees, or by species or subspecies of bees which have been determined by the commissioner to cause injury, directly or indirectly, to this states useful bee population, crops, or other plants. Any person who knows that any bees owned or controlled by him are affected with, or have been exposed to, any contagious or infectious disease, insects or parasitic organisms adversely affecting bees, or by species or subspecies of bees which have been determined by the commissioner to cause injury, directly or indirectly, to this states useful bee population, crops, or other plants, shall at once report such fact to the commissioner, stating all facts known to him with reference to said contagion, infection, or exposure.

2.

No person shall hide or conceal any bees or used beekeeping equipment from the inspector or give false information in any manner pertaining to this article. No person shall resist, impede or hinder the commissioner or his duly authorized representatives in the discharge of his or their duties.

3.

Whenever the commissioner or his duly authorized representatives shall determine that any colony of bees, bee material, structures or appliances is infected with, or has been exposed to, contagious or infectious diseases of bees, or is infested with or has been exposed to insects or parasitic organisms adversely affecting bees, or to species or subspecies of bees which have been determined by the commissioner to cause injury, directly or indirectly, to this states useful bee population, crops, or other plants, said colonies of bees and material, structures or appliances shall be immediately placed under quarantine and a written notice thereof shall be served on the owner or caretaker. No person shall move, tamper with, handle, or otherwise disturb or molest or cause to be moved, tampered with, handled, or otherwise disturbed or molested any colonies, materials, or appliances so quarantined without a written permit from the commissioner or his duly authorized representatives.

4.

All species and subspecies of bees which have been determined by the commissioner to cause injury, directly or indirectly, to this states useful bee population, crops, or other plants and all bees, beehives, bee fixtures or appurtenances infected with, or exposed to, contagious or infectious diseases of bees, or infested with, or exposed to, insects or parasitic organisms adversely affecting bees, or with or to species or subspecies of bees which have been determined by him to cause injury, directly or indirectly, to this states useful bee population, crops, or other plants, are hereby declared to be nuisances to be abated as hereinafter described.

5.

If any inspection made by the commissioner or his duly authorized representative discloses that any apiary, appliances, structures, colonies or comb constitute a nuisance within the meaning of this section, the commissioner or his duly authorized representatives may with the co-operation and consent of the owner or person in charge immediately proceed to abate the nuisance by destroying or treating such colonies and equipment, or he may order the owner or person in charge to destroy or treat such colonies or equipment as may be deemed advisable. In case the owner or person in charge will not consent to the abatement of the nuisance by immediate destruction or treatment, the commissioner or his duly authorized representative shall notify in writing the owner, occupant or person in charge of the premises that such nuisance exists and order that the same be abated within five days after a date which shall be specified in said order. Such order shall contain directions setting forth the method or methods which shall be taken to abate the nuisance and shall be served upon the owner, occupant or person in charge of the premises either personally or by registered or certified mail.

6.

If the order directs the destruction of any bees, hives, fixtures or appurtenances and the owner thereof considers himself to be aggrieved thereby, he may, within five days from the receipt of the order, present to the commissioner a request for a review. Written notice of such request must be served by mail upon the commissioner. Upon receipt of such notice, the commissioner shall cause an investigation to be made. The request for a review shall act to stay all proceedings until the matter has been investigated and a final determination rendered by the commissioner. During the time specified in the order and during any extended time permitted by reason of such review the quarantined colonies and equipment shall not be removed, molested or tampered with except by written permission of the commissioner or his duly authorized representative. No damage shall be awarded to the owner for the loss of any apiary, bees, hives, apiary appliance, or bee product destroyed under the provisions of this section or any regulation or order made in pursuance thereof.

7.

Persons keeping bees shall keep them in hives of such construction that the frames and combs may be easily removed without damaging them for examination of the brood for the purpose of determining whether disease exists in the brood.

8.

No person shall expose in any place to which bees have access any bee product, hive or other apiary appliance in such manner that contagious or infectious diseases of bees may be disseminated therefrom.

9.

The commissioner may promulgate rules and regulations to establish appropriate tolerance levels for insects or parasitic organisms adversely affecting bees within hives, fixtures, structures or appurtenances. Beehives conforming with such established tolerance levels shall not be considered nuisances under this section. If upon inspection a hive is found to exceed such tolerance levels, the commissioner may consider such apiary to be a nuisance and may order the destruction or treatment of the apiary as set forth in subdivisions four, five and six of this section.
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Last accessed
Dec. 13, 2016